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  • Author or Editor: Elif Er x
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Abstract

Objective—To investigate the influence of diameter of the catheter and blood collection technique on platelet function and variables reflecting secondary hemostasis, physiologic anticoagulation, and fibrinolysis in dogs.

Animals—6 healthy Beagles.

Procedures—Blood samples were collected with 20- and 18-gauge venous catheters immediately after catheters were inserted in a peripheral vein, through a 14-gauge central venous catheter that had been placed via the Seldinger technique in a jugular vein < 30 minutes before sample collection, and through a 13-gauge central venous catheter placed via a catheter-through-the-needle technique < 30 minutes before sample collection (techniques 1 to 4, respectively). Platelet function was assessed in hirudin-anticoagulated whole blood via an impedance-based aggregometer with collagen (0.8, 0.4, 0.2, 0.1, and 0.05 μg/mL) as an inductor. Kaolin-activated thromboelastography variables were determined in citrated whole blood. Prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen and fibrin D-dimer concentrations, and activity of factor VIII, antithrombin, protein C, and protein S were assessed automatically in citrated plasma.

Results—At 0.05 μg of collagen/mL, the highest median rate of aggregation was observed for collection techniques 2 and 3 with 4.3 (range, 2.5 to 6.5) and 3.7 (range, 2.8 to 8.3) aggregation units/min; however, these values were not significantly different from values for the other collection techniques. Generally, sample collection technique did not have a significant impact on results of coagulation variables investigated.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Various blood collection techniques can be used to obtain samples for coagulation testing.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

Objective—To investigate whether submaximal aerobic exercise in dogs is followed by activation of all phases of coagulation as has been reported for humans.

Animals—9 healthy Beagles.

Procedures—30 minutes before dogs were exercised, a 16-gauge central venous catheter was placed in a jugular vein of each dog by use of the catheter-through-the-needle technique. Samples were collected before exercise, after running on a treadmill (6 km/h for 13 minutes), and at 60 minutes. Platelet activation was evaluated with platelet morphology indices (mean platelet component, mean platelet volume, and number of large platelets) provided by a laser-based hematology system. Platelet function was assessed in hirudin-anticoagulated whole blood with an impedance-based aggregometer with collagen as the agonist (final concentrations, 0, 1.6, 3.2, 5, and 10 μg/mL). Prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and concentrations of fibrinogen, factor VIII, antithrombin, protein C, protein S, and fibrin D-dimer were determined automatically. Kaolin-activated thromboelastography variables R (reaction time), K (clot formation time), angle α, maximal amplitude, and G (clot stability) were measured in recalcified citrated whole blood.

Results—Exercise resulted in a significant decrease in mean platelet volume and the number of large platelets but did not change the mean platelet component, which reflected platelet activation as well as platelet function. Secondary and tertiary coagulation did not change significantly, nor did thromboelastography variables.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Aerobic exercise resulted in a decrease in the number of large and thus most likely activated platelets but otherwise had no major impact on coagulation in dogs.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research