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  • Author or Editor: Elaine M. Carnevale x
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Objective—To determine whether specific sugars inhibit adhesion of Streptococcus zooepidemicus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli to equine endometrial epithelial cells in vitro.

Sample Population—Endometrial biopsy specimens collected during estrus from 7 healthy mares.

Procedure—Endometrial specimens on glass slides were incubated for 30 minutes at 4 C with suspensions of S zooepidemicus, P aeruginosa, or E coli in phosphate-buffered saline solution (PBSS) alone or with various concentrations of D-(+)-mannose, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, N-acetyl-D-galactosamine, D-(+)-glucose, galactose, or N-acetyl-neuraminic acid. Inhibition of bacterial adherence was determined by comparing adhesion of bacteria (ie, percentage of glandular epithelial cells with adherent bacteria) suspended in each sugar solution with that of bacteria suspended in PBSS.

Results—Mannose and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine inhibited adhesion of E coli and P aeruginosa to epithelial cells, whereas only mannose inhibited adhesion of S zooepidemicus. The other sugars did not affect bacterial adherence.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Mannose and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine appear to play a role in adhesion of S zooepidemicus, P aeruginosa, and E coli to equine endometrium. In horses with uterine infections, use of sugars to competitively displace bacteria from attachment sites on cells may provide an adjunct to antibiotic treatment. (Am J Vet Res 2000;61:446–449)

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research