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  • Author or Editor: Elaine L. Hunt x
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Summary

Holding power was determined for various orthopedic screws in bones of calves. Holding power was defined as maximal tensile force required to remove a screw divided by thickness of bone engaged by the screw (kKN/mm). Comparative pull-out tests were performed, using pairs of large metacarpal or metatarsal bones from calves aged 3 to 14 days. Comparisons were made of the holding power of 6.5-mm fully threaded cancellous screws and 5.5-mm cortical screws in the proximal and distal metaphyses, and of 4.5-mm and 5.5-mm cortical screws in the diaphysis. Sixteen repetitions of each comparative trial were performed.

There was no statistically significant difference in the holding power of 4.5- and 5.5-mm cortical screws in the diaphysis. There was no significant difference in the holding power of 5.5-mm cortical and 6.5-mm fully threaded cancellous screws in the proximal metaphysis. In the distal metaphysis, 6.5-mm fully threaded cancellous screws had significantly (P < 0.001) greater holding power than did 5.5-mm cortical screws. There was no significant difference between the mean holding power of 5.5-mm cortical screws in the proximal metaphysis and 5.5-mm cortical screws in the distal metaphysis. There was significantly (P < 0.01) greater mean holding power of 6.5-mm cortical, fully threaded cancellous screws in the distal metaphysis, compared with the proximal metaphysis.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research