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- Author or Editor: Douglas L. Hammer x
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Objective—To determine whether the canine tibial plateau angle (TPA) can be accurately measured from lateral radiographic views of the stifle joint that include only the proximal portion of the tibia.
Sample Population—282 lateral radiographic views of the stifle joint from 128 dogs.
Procedure—236 radiographs were obtained from 102 dogs with no stifle joint disease, and 46 were obtained from 26 dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture. Radiographs were digitized. Tibial plateau angles were determined by measuring the angle between the intersection of the tibial plateau slope line and perpendiculars to 4 tibial axes. The gold standard TPA was based on a reference axis that used the entire length of the tibia and was determined by the line connecting the midpoint of the tibial intercondylar eminence and the center of the talus. Tibial plateau angle1, TPA2, and TPA3 were based on tibial axes that were determined by use of only the proximal portion of the tibia.
Results—TPA determined on the basis of the shortest proximal reference axis (TPA1) was not accurate. However, as the length of the reference axis increased, reliability of the TPAs obtained from proximal reference axes improved, and their correlations with the gold standard TPA increased ( r = 0.78, 0.86, and 0.92 for TPA1, TPA2, and TPA3, respectively). Equations obtained by regression analysis allowed estimation of the gold standard TPA with some degree of accuracy.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Use of a proximal reference axis to calculate TPA may be an alternative to a calculation based on the full-length axis. (Am J Vet Res 2003;64:1117–1123)
Objective—To determine whether radiographic signs of osteoarthritis became progressively worse and tibial slope angle (TSA) changed substantially following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy for treatment of cranial cruciate ligament rupture in dogs.
Design—Retrospective case series.
Animals—295 dogs (373 stifle joints).
Procedures—Medical records were reviewed. Radiographs obtained before and 8 weeks after surgery were used to determine the degenerative joint disease (DJD) score, calculated as the sum of individual scores (0 through 3) assigned to 30 radiographic factors. Radiographs obtained immediately and 8 weeks after surgery were used to measureTSA. For dogs that underwent bilateral surgery, data for the first joint treated were used in analyses. Data for the second joint treated in dogs that underwent bilateral surgery were analyzed separately.
Results—A small, but significant, increase was found in mean DJD score 8 weeks after surgery, compared with mean preoperative score. An inverse relationship was found between preoperative DJD score and the difference between postoperative and preoperative DJD scores. Mean TSA 8 weeks after surgery was significantly higher than mean TSA immediately after surgery. Analysis of data for the second stifle joints in the 78 dogs that underwent bilateral surgery yielded similar results.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Results suggested that there was a small, but measurable, increase in the severity of radiographic changes attributed to osteoarthritis in the stifle joints of dogs that underwent tibial plateau leveling osteotomy because of cranial cruciate ligament rupture.
Objective—To assess signalment, outcomes, and complications for dogs surgically treated for medial patellar luxation (MPL) with a combination of lateral retinacular imbrication and tibial crest transposition procedures without femoral trochlear groove deepening techniques, and to determine whether osteoarthritis progressed in these patients during the 8-week period following surgery.
Design—Retrospective case series.
Procedures—Medical records were reviewed for information on signalment, clinical history, unilateral versus bilateral disease, preoperative and postoperative MPL grades, duration of follow-up, and perioperative and postoperative complications. Radiographs obtained preoperatively and during 8-week follow-up examinations were reviewed and assigned degenerative joint disease (DJD) scores (range, 0 to 3). Data were analyzed to determine factors influencing outcomes. Kaplan-Meier curves were constructed for recurrence of MPL.
Results—Minor postoperative complications were reported for 31 of 91 (34.1%) dogs. Patellar reluxation occurred in 18 of 91 (19.8%) dogs. Reluxation or complications for which additional surgery was recommended developed in 6 of 91 (6.6%) dogs. At last clinical follow-up, 10 of 91 (11.0%) dogs had at least occasional lameness. No difference was revealed between preoperative and postoperative (8-week follow-up) radiographic DJD scores.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Results of surgical treatment of MPL without femoral trochlear groove deepening procedures were comparable to those in studies of surgical treatment that included groove deepening procedures. Radiographic indices of DJD did not increase during the 8 weeks following surgery. These results suggest that trochlear groove deepening procedures are not always necessary, and patients that undergo these techniques should be carefully selected.