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An 11-year-old spayed female Rottweiler was evaluated for progressive lameness of the right forelimb of 8 weeks' duration; the limb was non–weight-bearing for 4 weeks' duration. The dog was housed outdoors only, its vaccination status was not adequate, and it did not receive heartworm preventative.

Abnormalities detected during physical examination included a non–weight-bearing lameness of the right forelimb and a firm swelling (approx 13 × 10 × 10 cm) extending from the distal third of the humerus to the proximal aspects of the radius and ulna. Flexion of the elbow joint elicited signs of pain. Results of a CBC

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

Case Description—A 2.5-year-old spayed female Persian cat was evaluated for acute inability to close its mouth.

Clinical Findings—A wry-mouth malocclusion was evident, and the right side of the mandible was longer than the left side. The right mandibular tooth row appeared to be lowered. The lower jaw was persistently maintained in an open position. The presumptive diagnosis was open-mouth jaw locking. Diagnostic imaging with computed tomography and 3-dimensional reconstruction was performed for definitive diagnosis and to achieve a better understanding of the lesions. Imaging revealed locking of the right ramus of the mandible, which was displaced ventrolaterally, causing the coronoid process to impinge on the right zygomatic arch.

Treatment and Outcome—A bilateral partial ostectomy of the rostroventral margins of the zygomatic arches with an autogenous fat graft implantation was performed. The cat recovered without complications and by the following morning was bright, alert, and responsive and eating canned cat food comfortably. One year after surgery, the owner reported that the cat had continued to function well, was eating normally, and had not had any observed locking episodes since surgery.

Clinical Relevance—Unlike radiographic imaging, computed tomography may be used to create 3-dimensional reconstructions of structures in cases of suspected open-mouth jaw locking; improve evaluation of the lesions; and improve decision-making and client education for diagnosis, treatment options, and prognosis.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association