Objective—To evaluate the tensile strength, elongation,
and degradation of 4 monofilament absorbable
suture materials that undergo degradation by hydrolysis
in specimens of canine urine with various physical
Procedure—Voided urine was collected from 6
healthy dogs, pooled, filter-sterilized, and prepared to
provide 5 media: sterile neutral (pH, 7.0), sterile acidic
(pH, 6.2), sterile basic (pH, 8.8), Escherichia coli-inoculated,
and Proteus mirabilis-inoculated urine. Ten
strands of each suture material were immersed in
each of the media for 0 to 28 days. Tensile strength
and elongation of each suture material were evaluated
by use of a texture analyzer on days 0, 1, 3, 7, 10,
14, 21, and 28.
Results—Reduction in tensile strength was detected
for all materials in all urine specimens over time.
Polyglyconate and polydioxanone had superior tensile
strengths in sterile neutral and E coli-inoculated urine,
and polydioxanone retained the greatest tensile
strength throughout the study period. All suture materials
disintegrated before day 7 in P mirabilis-inoculated
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Polydioxanone, polyglyconate, and glycomer 631 may
be acceptable for urinary bladder closure in the presence
of sterile neutral and E coli-contaminated urine.
Tensile strength of poliglecaprone 25 in urine may be
unacceptable by the critical healing time for bladder
tissue (14 to 21 days). During bladder surgery, exposure
of suture material that degrades via hydrolysis to
urine containing Proteus spp should be minimized.
Am J Vet Res (2004;65:847–853)
Objective—To evaluate the antitumor activity and toxic effects of a conservative dose of cisplatin administered in combination with piroxicam to dogs with transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urinary bladder.
Animals—14 client-owned dogs with histologically confirmed TCC of the urinary bladder.
Procedures—Each dog was treated with cisplatin (50 mg/m2, IV, q 21 d [reduced to 40 mg/m2, IV, q 21 d because of toxic effects]) and piroxicam (0.3 mg/kg [0.14 mg/lb], PO, q 24 h). A CBC, serum biochemical analyses, and urinalysis were performed prior to each cisplatin treatment. Tumor staging (determined from thoracic and abdominal radiographic and urinary bladder ultrasonographic findings) was performed before treatment and at 6-week intervals during treatment.
Results—5 dogs received only 1 dose of cisplatin because of the rapid progression of disease (n = 2) or toxic effects (3). With regard to the neoplastic disease among the other 9 dogs, 1 had partial remission, 5 had stable disease, and 3 had progressive disease after 6 weeks of treatment. Median progression-free interval was 78 days (range, 20 to 112 days). Median survival time was 307 days (range, 29 to 929 days). Moderate to severe renal toxicosis and moderate to severe gastrointestinal toxicosis developed in 5 and 8 dogs, respectively.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Because of minimal efficacy and associated renal and gastrointestinal toxicosis, administration of cisplatin (40 to 50 mg/m2) with piroxicam cannot be recommended for treatment of dogs with TCC of the urinary bladder.