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  • Author or Editor: Charles P. Benner x
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The lactulose-to-mannitol ratio test is a test to assess the disorders associated with gut permeability. The test requires an oral administration of the mixture of lactulose and mannitol and urine collection. The urinary ratio of lactulose to mannitol is an indicator of intestinal permeability. Due to the complexity of urine collection in animal studies, plasma exposure ratios of lactulose to mannitol compared to their urinary concentration ratios were evaluated following an oral administration of the sugar mixture in pigs.


10 pigs were orally dosed with a solution of lactulose and mannitol mixture.


Plasma samples were collected at predose, 10 and 30 minutes and 2, 4, and 6 hours postdosing, and cumulated urinary samples were collected at 6 hours for liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis. The ratios of pharmacokinetic parameters of lactulose to mannitol and the plasma sugar ratios at a single time point or the mean values of several time points were compared to their urinary sugar ratios.


The results revealed that the lactulose-to-mannitol ratios of AUC0–6h, AUCextrap, and Cmax were correlated to the urinary sugar ratios, and the plasma sugar ratios of a single time point at 2, 4, or 6 hours and the mean values of those time points were also appropriate to replace their urinary ratios in pigs.


Following an oral administration of lactulose and mannitol mixture, blood collection, and assay can be an option for assessing intestinal permeability, especially in animal studies.

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research