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  • Author or Editor: Brian J. Sutherland x
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Abstract

Objective—To design and manufacture free-form biodegradable polycaprolactone (PCL) bone plates and to compare mechanical properties of femoral constructs with a distal physeal fracture repaired by use of 5 stabilization methods.

Sample Population—40 canine femoral replicas created by use of additive manufacturing and rapid tooling.

Procedures—Surgery duration, mediolateral and craniocaudal bending stiffness, and torsional stiffness of femoral physeal fracture repair constructs made by use of 5 stabilization methods were assessed. The implants included 2 Kirschner wires inserted medially and 2 inserted laterally (4KW), a commercial stainless steel plate (CSP), a custom free-form titanium plate (CTP), thin (2-mm-thick) biodegradable PCL plates (TNP) placed medially and laterally, and thick (4-mm-thick) PCL plates (TKP) placed medially and laterally.

Results—Surgical placement of 4KW was more rapid than placement of other implants The mean caudal cantilever bending stiffness of CTP and CSP constructs was greater than that for TNP TKP and 4KW constructs, and the mean caudal cantilever bending stiffness of TNP and TKP constructs was greater than that for 4KW constructs. The mean lateral cantilever bending stiffness of TKP constructs was greater than that for 4KW constructs. Differences among construct types were not significant in yield strength, ultimate strength, yield torque, and ultimate torque.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—The mechanical properties of fracture repair constructs made from free-form PCL biodegradable plates compared favorably with those of constructs made from Kirschner wires. The impact of PCL plates on musculoskeletal soft tissues, bone healing, and bone growth should be evaluated before clinical use.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To identify the frequency of and risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in dogs undergoing abdominal surgery for septic peritonitis, and to evaluate outcome and kidney-related risk factors for survival to discharge in those dogs.

ANIMALS

77 dogs that underwent abdominal surgery for septic peritonitis.

METHODS

Medical records of dogs that underwent surgery for septic peritonitis from 2012 through 2022 were reviewed. Data regarding signalment, clinical and biochemical findings at presentation, blood creatinine concentration throughout hospitalization, surgery characteristics, postoperative monitoring, and outcome were collected. Dogs were classified based on occurrence of AKI and whether they presented with or developed AKI in-hospital. Perioperative risk factors were evaluated, and outcomes were compared with univariable logistic regression.

RESULTS

31 dogs (40.3%) had AKI diagnosed; 18/77 (23.4%) dogs presented with AKI, 11 (61.1%) of which had it postoperatively, and 13/77 (16.9%) dogs developed AKI postoperatively. Significant factors for presenting with AKI included increasing baseline respiratory rate (OR 2.5 for every 10 beats per minute higher), decreasing systolic blood pressure (OR 0.8 for every 10 mm Hg higher), and increasing body condition score (OR 2.2 for every score greater). No significant factors for developing AKI postoperatively were identified after multiple comparisons adjustment. Sixteen dogs (20.8%) did not survive to discharge; 12 (75.0%) had AKI and 4 (25.0%) did not. Dogs with AKI had decreased odds of survival to discharge (OR 0.2).

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

AKI was common in dogs with septic peritonitis and was a significant risk factor for survival to discharge. Clinical surveillance of AKI is critical in this population.

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the difference in postoperative pain scores of dogs undergoing abdominal surgery receiving surgical incision infiltration of saline or bupivacaine liposomal injectable suspension (BLIS).

ANIMALS

40 dogs undergoing exploratory laparotomy.

METHODS

Dogs were prospectively enrolled and randomized to receive either BLIS or saline surgical incision infiltration. All dogs received 5.3 mg of BLIS/kg or an equal volume of saline infiltrated in the muscle/fascia, subcutaneous tissue, and intradermal layer during closure. All dogs received a standardized postoperative pain management protocol. Pain assessment was performed at select time points postoperatively by blinded observers with an electronic algometer, short version of the Glasgow Composite Measure Pain Scale (GCMPS), and indirect measures of pain, including systolic blood pressure, heart rate, and serum cortisol levels.

RESULTS

At day 0, blood pressure was higher in the saline group (149.6 vs 125.8 mm Hg; P = .006). At day 3, GCMPS was lower in the BLIS group (BLIS = 1, saline = 2, P = .027), though both average GCMPS scores were low and only 10 dogs were available for day 3 assessments (6 BLIS and 4 saline). No other differences in algometer readings, GCMPS scores, other measured parameters, or need for rescue analgesia were present between BLIS and saline groups at any time point. There was no difference in postoperative incisional infection rate or complications.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Use of BLIS for exploratory laparotomy did not provide improved pain control over postoperative opioid administration alone. Patients that received BLIS had no increase in short-term complications.

Free access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association