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  • Author or Editor: Arie Doornenbal x
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Abstract

Objective—To determine whether epidurally derived evoked potentials (EPs) can be used to reliably assess nociception and antinociception in ponies.

Animals—7 ponies.

Procedures—EPs and electromyograms (EMGs) from the quadriceps femoris muscles were recorded simultaneously, following electrical stimulation applied to the distal portion of the hind limb. The effect of increasing stimulus intensity, conduction velocities of the stimulated nerves, effect of epidurally applied methadone, and effect of systemically administered propofol were evaluated.

Results—In the EP and EMG waveforms, 2 distinct complexes, the EP N25 and P50 and the EMG P27 and N62, respectively, were identified. On the basis of their latency and calculated conduction velocities, the EP P50 and EMG N62 were considered to be related to nociception (AD-mediated). All complexes increased significantly in amplitude with increasing stimulus intensity and decreased significantly following epidural administration of methadone or systemic administration of propofol.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Although the experimental setup allowed successful discrimination between tactile- and nociceptive-associated responses, the identified EPs, considered to reflect activity in the spinal cord, could not be definitively differentiated from activity in the lumbosacral epaxial musculature. Further research is required to refine measurement techniques to allow for discrimination between these 2 signals. Similar to other species, neurophysiologic variables such as EPs could potentially become a useful additional tool in quantifying nociception in equidae.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

Objective—To evaluate methods for on-farm measurements of uterine contractility in postpartum dairy cows by comparing data simultaneously recorded by use of 2 intrauterine pressure (IUP) devices and quantified electromyographic (EMG) signals.

Animals—5 cows during the first 48 hours after parturition.

Procedure—2 EMG electrodes were implanted on the surface of the gravid uterine horn. Parturition was induced by injection of a prostaglandin F analogue at day 274 of gestation. An open-tip catheter and pressure microtransducer were transcervically inserted and affixed to a caruncle immediately after calving. Changes in IUP were recorded concurrent with EMG recordings during 2-hour periods at 2, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, and 48 hours after parturition. Novel acquisition and analysis software programs were used with a digital data-filtering capability for evaluation of IUP and EMG signals.

Results—The method for intrauterine fixation of the 2 pressure measurement instruments was effective and allowed easy, externally guided removal of the devices 48 hours after parturition. There was a high correlation between the data obtained by the 2 pressure measuring systems. Good correlation was also found between pressure data obtained by the open-tip catheter system and EMG signals. Although the quantified IUP and EMG signals were highly comparable, synchronization was not always evident during visual inspection of these signals.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—The open-tip IUP catheter system with a special fixation method is suitable for use in on-farm studies. It will enable investigators to record natural and pharmacologically influenced uterine contractility in early postpartum dairy cows. (Am J Vet Res 2005;66:1605–1615)

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research