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  • Author or Editor: Anthony F. Abruzzini x
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SUMMARY

Recombinant human interleukin-2 (rhil-2) was evaluated for its influence on total and differential wbc counts, lymphocyte blastogenic responsiveness to mitogens, and several measurements of neutrophil function in clinically normal and in dexamethasone-treated cattle. A single dose of rhil-2 (2.5 × 107 U) given sc had no influence on the total or differential wbc count; however, it did cause an inhibition of neutrophil random migration. The other measurements of neutrophil function (Staphylococcus aureus ingestion, cytochrome C reduction, iodination, and antibody-dependent and antibody-independent cell-mediated cytotoxicity) evaluated were not significantly altered. The rhil-2 treatment was associated with a significant (P < 0.01) decrease in uptake of [3H]thymidine in unstimulated lymphocytes and a tendency toward enhanced blastogenesis of lymphocytes stimulated with phytohemagglutinin. This enhancement was significant (P < 0.05) only when the results were expressed as a stimulation index. Lymphocyte responsiveness to concanavalin A and pokeweed mitogen was not significantly influenced by rhil-2 administration. Dexamethasone (0.04 mg/kg) administered every 24 hours for 3 consecutive days altered the wbc count and several measurements of lymphocyte and neutrophil function. The administration of a single dose of rhil-2 (2.5 × 107 U) 8 hours after the first dose of dexamethasone did not alter the influence of dexamethasone on any of the measurements. These results indicated that rhil-2 has some biologic activity in cattle, but when used as administered here, did not overcome the influence of dexamethasone on the in vitro measurements of lymphocyte and neutrophil function that were evaluated.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research