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  • Author or Editor: Anne-Sophie Bua x
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Abstract

CASE DESCRIPTION A 7-year-old 44-kg (97-lb) neutered male Great Pyrenees was referred for evaluation because of episodic dyspnea with cyanosis of 1 to 2 weeks' duration. Three days prior to evaluation, the clinical signs had worsened, including 1 episode of collapse.

CLINICAL FINDINGS Thoracic radiography and CT revealed a well-delineated soft tissue mass, located approximately 1.5 cm cranial to the carina and occupying almost 90% of the tracheal lumen. A CBC and serum biochemical analysis were performed, and all results were within reference limits.

TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Tracheoscopy confirmed the presence of a broad-based bilobate mass that was protruding from the right dorsal aspect of the trachea and occupied almost the entire tracheal lumen. The mass was successfully resected by endoscopic-guided electrocautery ablation. Findings of histologic evaluation were consistent with a diagnosis of liposarcoma. Immediately following the ablation procedure, the previously noted clinical signs of respiratory tract disease resolved. On follow-up examination 12 months later, no regrowth of the mass was evident on thoracic helical CT and tracheoscopy.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE Endoscopic-guided electrocautery ablation of tracheal liposarcoma was a safe and effective minimally invasive treatment for the dog of this report. The procedure was brief and appeared to be well tolerated, resulting in immediate improvement of clinical signs.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

Objective—To determine the respective associations between ureteral obstruction and renomegaly, urine specific gravity (USG), and serum creatinine concentration and to assess the reliability of abdominal palpation for detection of renomegaly in cats.

Design—Retrospective case series.

Animals—89 client-owned cats with (n = 29) or without ureteral obstruction and with (30) or without (30) kidney disease.

Procedures—Medical records of cats that underwent abdominal ultrasonography at a veterinary teaching hospital from January 2006 through April 2013 were reviewed. Cats were categorized as having ureteral obstruction (obstructed group) or no ureteral obstruction with (KD group) or without kidney disease (NKD group). Renomegaly and renal asymmetry were defined on the basis of mean renal length for NKD cats. Prevalence of renomegaly and renal asymmetry, mean USG and serum creatinine concentration, and abdominal palpation and ultrasonographic findings were compared among the groups.

Results—Renomegaly was identified in 2 obstructed cats and 1 KD cat and was not associated with ureteral obstruction. Renal asymmetry was detected in 18 obstructed cats and 11 KD cats. For obstructed and KD cats, the mean USG was significantly lower and the mean serum creatinine concentration was significantly greater than those for NKD cats. Twenty-eight of 29 cats with ureteral obstruction had hypercreatininemia. Abdominal palpation was not a reliable method for detection of renomegaly.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Results indicated renomegaly was not associated with ureteral obstruction in cats, and abdominal palpation was an unreliable method for detection of renomegaly. The most consistent abnormal finding for cats with ureteral obstruction was hypercreatininemia. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2015;247:518–524)

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Abstract

CASE DESCRIPTION A 4-year-old spayed female Beagle was evaluated because of a 2-month history of intermittent pollakiuria, stranguria, dysuria, and abdominal pain. A diagnosis of bacterial cystitis was initially made, but clinical signs persisted despite appropriate antimicrobial treatment, so the dog was referred for further evaluation and treatment.

CLINICAL FINDINGS Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a large, thin-walled, cystic structure in the urinary bladder at the level of the expected right ureterovesicular junction that communicated with the uniformly dilated right ureter. Severe right-sided pyelectasia was also detected. A presumptive diagnosis was made of a right-sided orthotopic ureterocele with secondary hydroureter and pyelectasia.

TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Cystoscopy revealed a large cystic structure in the region of the right ureterovesicular junction without obvious communication between the ureter and urinary bladder. Portable C-arm fluoroscopy was used to confirm the presence of an intramural orthotopic tract and to measure the diameter of the ureter and renal pelvis via retrograde contrast ureteropyelography. Complete laser ablation of the ureterocele was performed by incising it circumferentially near its base. Clinical signs resolved immediately following the procedure. Six weeks later, the dog remained free of clinical signs and abdominal ultrasonography revealed resolution of hydroureter with persistence of mild right-sided pyelectasia.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE Cystoscopic-guided laser ablation of an orthotopic ureterocele secondary to ureterovesicular stenosis was a safe and effective minimally invasive treatment for the dog of this report, resulting in immediate and continued improvement of clinical signs and ultrasonographic changes. Laser ablation should be considered as an alternative to surgery for the treatment of orthotopic ureteroceles in dogs.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association