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  • Author or Editor: Andrew W. van Eps x
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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association


Objective—To compare effects of 3 methods of topically applied cold treatment (cryotherapy) on digital laminar and venous temperatures in horses.

Animals—9 healthy adult Thoroughbreds.

Procedures—Thermocouples were placed in palmar digital veins and digital laminae of both forelimbs of horses. Three methods of cryotherapy were applied to the distal aspects of the limbs: wader boot (63-cm-tall vinyl boot filled with ice and water [ice slurry]), ice bag (5-L fluid bag filled with ice slurry), and a gel pack boot (boot containing frozen gel packs). Gel packs and ice slurries were replenished every hour during cryotherapy. The forelimb that received the first treatment was randomly assigned; thereafter, control and treated forelimbs were alternated for each treatment. For each treatment, temperatures were recorded every minute during 15-minute pretreatment, 2-hour treatment, and ≥ 30 minute rewarming periods. Once temperatures had returned to within 3°C below pretreatment values, the experiment was repeated in a similar manner for other cryotherapy methods.

Results—Digital venous temperatures were similar to laminar temperatures during each treatment. Ice bag and wader boot treatments caused similar cooling of digits. Gel boot treatment did not cause substantial cooling of digits.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Ice bag treatment caused laminar and digital venous cooling equivalent to that of wader boot treatment. Cryotherapy by use of 5-L fluid bags with an ice slurry may be a readily available, practical, and efficient method for prevention of laminitis in horses. Digital laminar and venous temperatures were similar in forelimbs of horses before and during cryotherapy.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research



Evaluate a prototype dynamic laryngoplasty system (DLPS) in horses; a feasibility study.


7 healthy Standardbred adult horses.


This was an in vivo experimental study. Horses had a standing surgical procedure to induce complete laryngeal hemiplegia, which was subsequently treated using the dynamic laryngoplasty system (DLPS). Activation of the DLPS was achieved using an injection port exiting through the skin (n = 2) or a subcutaneous injection port (n = 5). For each horse, endoscopic examinations of the upper respiratory tract were performed preoperatively, intraoperatively, and 7 days postoperatively. Left-to-right quotient ratios calculated during inactivated and activated states were obtained from still images of the rima glottidis acquired during day 7. In 3 horses, the device was intentionally overinflated to evaluate for device failure, and postmortem examinations were performed on day 7. For the remaining 4 horses, upper respiratory tract endoscopy was repeated at 1 month postoperatively, with no subsequent postmortem exam.


No perioperative complications occurred, and the DLPS was effectively delivered in all horses under standing sedation. The left-to-right quotient ratio at day 7 postoperatively could be altered from a resting position of 0.76 (± 0.06) to a maximum of 0.97 (± 0.06; P < .05). The degree of arytenoid abduction could not be significantly altered after 1 month of device implantation, suspected to be due to peri-implant fibrosis. No coughing nor tracheal contamination was observed at all time points or during inflation.


The ability to alter the degree of abduction at 7 days postoperatively with the DLPS may be beneficial in selective cases.

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research