• Mean starting salary among graduates who accepted full-time positions was $51,321 for males and $47,330 for females.
• Mean debt among those with debt was $115,059 for males and $121,006 for females.
Graduating veterinary students were surveyed in 2008 to obtain information regarding their employment choices, starting salaries and benefits, and educational indebtedness (Appendix). Responses were received from 2,363 graduates from all 28 US veterinary schools and colleges for a response rate of 95.4%. Of the 2,357 respondents who indicated their gender, 76.9% (1,813) were female and 23.1% (544) were male. Base sizes fluctuated throughout data analyses because some
• Median gross practice revenue for 2005 was $669,000.
• Median net practice income for all practices was 30% of median gross practice revenue in 2005.
The 2006 AVMA Biennial survey of US veterinarians included questions on financial aspects of private veterinary practices. This permitted analysis of gross practice revenue, net practice income, return on capital, return to owner's veterinary labor and practice management, cash operating expenses, and financial ratios. Practices were included in this analysis if they employed at least 1 full-time veterinarian; had been established for > 1 year; were operational ≥ 48 weeks in 2005; and reported
• Mean starting salary among all employer types combined (private, public-corporate, and advanced study programs) was $45,546 in 2006.
• Mean educational debt among those with debt was $100,805 in 2006, which is an increase of 13.5% over debt in 2005.
In cooperation with 26 of the 27a US colleges of veterinary medicine that had a graduating class, the AVMA conducted an annual survey of veterinary medical graduates in spring 2006. Information on veterinary graduates' employment choices, salaries, and educational indebtedness was collected from 1,773 survey respondents, representing 78.7% of the graduates from the 26 participating veterinary colleges.
• Mean full-time starting salary for all types of employers combined (private, public and corporate, and advanced study programs) was $48,328 in 2008. Excluding salaries for graduates pursuing advanced study, mean full-time starting salary was $61,633.
• Mean educational debt among those with debt was $119,803 in 2008, which represents an increase of 12.0% over the 2007 value.
In cooperation with the 28 US schools and colleges of veterinary medicine, the AVMA conducted an annual survey of new veterinary medical graduates in spring 2008 (Appendix). Information on veterinary graduates’ employment choices, salaries, and educational indebtedness was collected from
• From 2003 to 2008, the number of actively employed female veterinarians in the United States increased by 30.2%.
• The number of female veterinarians increased in all 9 census divisions, whereas the number of male veterinarians decreased in 5.
Periodically, the AVMA conducts an analysis of the distribution of veterinarians in the United States; data for the analysis are obtained from the database of veterinarians maintained by the AVMA. On December 31, 2008, the database contained 85,977 actively employed US veterinarians. These veterinarians included AVMA members classified as current, recent graduate, or involved in a full-time educational program in
• Approximately 8 of 10 dog, cat, and horse owners and 4 of 10 bird owners used their regular veterinarian on their most recent veterinary visit.
• Other than choosing their regular veterinarian, owners of dogs and cats were most likely to select a veterinarian on the basis of location.
Every 5 years, the AVMA surveys a large sample of households in the continental United States to determine rates of pet ownership, demographics of households that own pets, use of veterinarians, and expenditures for veterinary medical services. For purposes of data analysis, a household was considered to be a pet-owning