Objective—To determine effects of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonists abciximab and eptifibatide on in vitro inhibition of cat platelets.
Sample—Venous blood samples from 10 healthy cats.
Procedures—Blood samples were anticoagulated with hirudin. Aliquots of whole blood from each cat were allocated to 5 treatments (baseline, 50 μg of abciximab/mL, abciximab volumetric control treatment, 4μM eptifibatide, and eptifibatide volumetric control treatment). Impedance platelet aggregometry was performed with 6.5μM ADP or 32μM thrombin receptor activator peptide (TRAP). Magnitude of platelet aggregation was determined by measuring the area under the curve 15 minutes after addition of ADP or TRAP.
Results—Eptifibatide caused a significant reduction in platelet aggregation, compared with baseline values, for aggregometry with both ADP (median, 50.0; range, 8 to 122 [baseline median, 306.0; baseline range, 130 to 664]) and TRAP (median, 75.5; range, 3 to 148 [baseline median, 219.0; baseline range, 97 to 578]). There was no significant difference in platelet aggregation with abciximab, the abciximab volumetric control treatment, or the eptifibatide volumetric control treatment for aggregometry with ADP or TRAP.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Eptifibatide caused a significant reduction in platelet aggregation in vitro, but there was no identifiable antiplatelet effect for abciximab. Eptifibatide and abciximab have different binding and inhibitory actions; therefore, it can be hypothesized that abciximab would be ineffective in cats because of a lack of receptor binding, reduced binding kinetics, or lack of downstream signaling. Eptifibatide may be useful in identifying hyperreactive platelets in cats in an in vitro platelet inhibitory assay.
Objective—To determine whether pimobendan has in vitro antithrombotic properties through inhibition of platelets in canine blood samples.
Animals—10 healthy adult dogs.
Procedures—Blood samples were collected from each dog into tubes containing hirudin or sodium citrate. Pimobendan was added to blood samples (final concentration, 0.0, 0.01, 0.1, 1.0, or 10.0μM) containing hirudin prior to undergoing collagen- and ADP-induced whole blood impedance aggregometry. Plasma thromboxane concentrations were measured after platelet aggregation. Pimobendan was also added to blood samples (0.0, 0.01, or 10.0μM) containing sodium citrate prior to thromboelastographic evaluation.
Results—Compared with findings for 0.0μM pimobendan, composite platelet aggregation (area under the curve [AUC]) and maximal platelet aggregation (aggregation units [AUs]) at 10.0μM pimobendan were significantly decreased for collagen-induced aggregation (AUC, 349.7 ± 58.4 vs 285.1 ± 72.2; maximal platelet aggregation, 196.2 ± 25.8 AUs vs 161.5 ± 38.0 AUs), and the AUC and velocity of aggregation at 10.0μM pimobendan were significantly decreased for ADP-induced aggregation (AUC, 268.5 ± 35.1 vs 213.4 ± 77.2; velocity of aggregation, 15.7 ± 2.9 AUs/min vs 11.8 ± 3.5 AUs/min). Pimobendan had no significant effect on plasma thromboxane concentration or thromboelastographic variables, regardless of concentration.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—In vitro, pimobendan had an antiplatelet effect in canine blood samples at a concentration 1,000-fold higher than that clinically achievable. These antiplatelet properties do not appear to contribute to the positive clinical profile of the drug in dogs. Pimobendan administration would not appear to confer a risk for bleeding and does not have to be avoided in dogs with thrombocytopenia or those concurrently receiving antiplatelet drugs.