An 8.5-year-old sexually intact male mixed-breed (Labrador–Great Dane cross) dog was referred to the Small Animal Veterinary Clinic of Bern following a snakebite that occurred approximately 3 hours earlier. The owner saw and heard the snake (Vipera sp), but could not determine its species. The owner reported no knowledge of the dog having prior disease, and the dog had been adopted 1 year earlier. The dog weighed 33 kg (72.6 lb) and had a body condition score of 3/5. On initial evaluation, the dog's mucous membranes were pink and the capillary refill time was 1 second. The dog
A 2-year-old 30.5-kg (67.1-lb) neutered male Golden Retriever was presented for evaluation because of vomiting, anorexia, and severe lethargy. Two days prior to presentation, the dog ate the protective cover off an electric cable that was not connected to a power supply. The next day, the dog ate a lot of grass and vomited. Therefore, the owners isolated the dog in a vegetated area; that area contained several oleander plants (Nerium oleander). Subsequently, the dog vomited several more times. The owners discovered several oleander leaves in the vomited material.