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  • Author or Editor: Akira Arakawa x
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Summary

When Salmonella typhimurium and Clostridium perfringens were tested in conventional chickens, larger numbers of Styphimurium and C perfringens adhered to Eimeriatenella-infected ceca than to uninfected ceca. In germ-free chickens, Styphimurium and C perfringens adhered to the E tenella-infected cecal mucosa more than to the uninfected cecal mucosa, but fewer Bacteroides vulgatus and Bifidobacterium thermophilum adhered to the E tenella-infected ceca than to the uninfected ceca. Many bacteria adhered to the lesions caused by E tenella as observed by scanning electron microscopy. On the basis of our findings, we suggest that infection with E tenella upsets the balance of competitive adherence of bacteria, allowing more colonization of Styphimurium and C perfringens.

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Summary

To study increase of the Salmonella population in the cecum of chickens infected with Eimeria te-nella, changes in mannose residues on the cecal mucosa were investigated. Inhibition of S typhimurium adherence to the cecum by a 2% carbohydrate (d-mannose, d-galactose, l-fucose, α-methyl- d-glucoside) in phosphate-buffered saline solution was examined. Only d-mannose had inhibitory effects. Whereas d-galactose had somewhat enhancing effects on adherence of S typhimurium to the cecal mucosa of uninfected germ-free chickens. In infected and uninfected chickens, d-mannose inhibited adherence of Styphimurium. d-Mannose significantly (P< 0.05) increased adherence of Bacteroides sp. In infected and uninfected chickens, d-mannose did not have any effect on adherence of Clostridium perfringens and Bifidobacterium thermophilum. Under microscopic observation, only concanavalin A and Lens culinaris agglutinin, of 8 lectins examined, were recognized as lectin-positive staining lines or spots in the cecal mucosa, indicating presence of mannose residues on the cecal mucosa. In E tenella-infected chickens, lectin-positive staining was seen strongly on the coarse surface of damaged cells and at the bottom of the crypts. These results indicate that coccidial infection may induce increase of mannose residues on the intestinal surface and allow adhesion of more salmonellae to the intestine.

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research