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Summary

Histomorphometric and scanning electron microscopic analyses were carried out on 74 embryos and fetuses and 20 sheep (early postnatal to adult age). Histodifferentiation of the rumen took place at 33 days of fetal life. Ruminal pillars were observed at 42 days, and at 61 days, ruminal papillae appeared as evaginations of the epithelial stratum basale. Neutral mucopolysaccharides first appeared in epithelial cells at 46 days of fetal life; thereafter, numbers decreased gradually and subsequently stabilized in postnatal life. Acid mucopolysaccharides, mucins, and mucoid compounds were not detected. Age and diet were recognized as factors that determine the structure of the ruminal mucosa. Growth curves and formulas were set out for each tissue layer.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Summary

Histomorphometric and scanning electron microscopic analyses were performed on 74 embryos and fetuses and 20 sheep (early postnatal to adult age). Histologic differentiation of the omasum took place at 33 days of fetal life, with the appearance of first-order laminae. Second-, third-, and fourth-order laminae appeared at 39, 50, and 59 days, respectively. Neutral mucopolysaccharides first appeared in epithelial cells at 46 days of fetal life, decreasing quantitatively until birth, before subsequently stabilizing in postnatal life. Acid mucopolysaccharides, mucins, and mucoid compounds were not detected. Growth curves and formulas were constructed for each tissue layer. Initial tests involved multiplicative (y = axb), exponential (y = EXP [a + bx]), linear (y = a + bx), and polynomial models (y = a + bx + cx2 + dx3).

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research