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  • Author or Editor: W. Bruce White x
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Protein expression profiles of 10 isolates of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, M avium 18 (formerly M paratuberculosis 18), and 1 isolate each of M avium serotype 2, M avium serotype 8, and M bovis BCG were examined. Protein expression profiles of M paratuberculosis and M avium were similar. However, two-dimensional gel analysis of [35S]methionine-labeled cellular proteins resolved 4 proteins, with molecular mass of 28,000, 32,000, 32,000, and 42,000 daltons, which were expressed in greater amounts in M paratuberculosis than in M avium. Two proteins, with molecular mass of 43,000 and 60,000 daltons, were identified, which were expressed in greater amounts in M avium than in M paratuberculosis. Immuno (western)-blot analysis, using antiserum from 2 cows clinically infected with M paratuberculosis as the primary antibodies, suggested that the 42,000- dalton protein may be specific for M paratuberculosis.

Comparison of protein expression profiles may be useful as a tool for differentiating isolates of < M > paratuberculosis. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of [35S]methionine-labeled extracellular proteins revealed variability among the isolates. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of [35S]methionine-labeled cellular proteins divided the M paratuberculosis isolates into 2 groups on the basis of a difference in the amount of expression of a 28,000-dalton protein. This information may be useful in epidemiologic studies.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research


Objective—To assess associations between herd management practices and herd-level rates of bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) in preweaned beef calves in US cow-calf operations.

Design—Cross-sectional survey.

Sample—443 herds weighted to represent the US cow-calf population.

Procedures—Producers from 24 states were selected to participate in a 2-phase survey; 443 producers completed both survey phases and had calves born alive during the study period. Data from those respondents underwent multivariable negative binomial regression analyses.

Results—Bred heifer importation was associated with lower BRDC rates (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 0.40; confidence interval [CI], 0.19 to 0.82), whereas weaned steer importation was associated with higher BRDC rates (IRR, 2.62; CI, 1.15 to 5.97). Compared with single-breed herds, operations with calves of 2-breed crosses (IRR, 2.36; CI, 1.30 to 4.29) or 3-breed crosses (IRR, 4.00; CI, 1.93 to 8.31) or composite-herd calves (IRR, 2.27; CI, 1.00 to 5.16) had higher BRDC rates. Operations classified as supplemental sources of income had lower BRDC rates (IRR, 0.48; CI, 0.26 to 0.87) than did operations classified as primary sources of income. Reported feed supplementation with antimicrobials was positively associated with BRDC rates (IRR, 3.46; CI, 1.39 to 8.60). The reported number of visits by outsiders in an average month also was significantly associated with herd-level BRDC rates, but the magnitude and direction of the effects varied.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Management practices associated with preweaning BRDC rates may be potential indicators or predictors of preweaning BRDC rates in cow-calf production systems.

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association