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  • Author or Editor: James T. Custis x
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Objective—To evaluate outcomes of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in cats with injection-site sarcomas (ISS) via assessment of local responses and recurrences, survival times, and complications.

Design—Retrospective case series.

Animals—11 cats with ISS.

Procedures—Medical records of cats that were treated with SBRT for ISS between June 2008 and July 2012 were reviewed; information on patient demographics (age, sex, and breed), oncological histories (including prior treatment and histologic grade), details of SBRT plans (tumor volume, treatment field sizes, and prescription), response to treatment (including toxicoses), progression-free intervals, and survival times were extracted.

Results—Acute radiation-associated toxicoses were infrequent and limited to mild, self-limiting dermatitis and colitis in 2 and 1 of the 11 cats, respectively. No late radiation-associated toxicoses were observed. The objective response rate was 8 of 11 cats; these patients either had a partial or complete response as determined on the basis of CT or physical examination findings. The median progression-free interval was 242 days, and the median overall survival time was 301 days; median follow-up time of censored subjects was 173 days.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—SBRT was completed in 3 to 5 days and was well tolerated when used to treat cats with ISS. Measurable tumor responses were achieved in most cats in this study. Stereotactic body radiation therapy provided a means for palliation of ISS; further investigation is required to determine whether SBRT is a valid treatment option for downstaging disease prior to definitive surgery.

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association


Objective—To develop an orthotopic model of canine osteosarcoma in athymic rats as a model for evaluating the effects of stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) on osteosarcoma cells.

Animals—26 athymic nude rats.

Procedures—3 experiments were performed. In the first 2 experiments, rats were injected with 1 × 106 Abrams canine osteosarcoma cells into the proximal aspect of the tibia (n = 12) or distal aspect of the femur (6). Tumor engraftment and progression were monitored weekly via radiography, luciferase imaging, and measurement of urine pyridinoline concentration for 5 weeks and histologic evaluation after euthanasia. In the third experiment, 8 rats underwent canine osteosarcoma cell injection into the distal aspect of the femur and SRT was administered to the affected area in three 12-Gy fractions delivered on consecutive days (total radiation dose, 36 Gy). Percentage tumor necrosis and urinary pyridinoline concentrations were used to assess local tumor control. The short-term effect of SRT on skin was also evaluated.

Results—Tumors developed in 10 of 12 tibial sites and all 14 femoral sites. Administration of SRT to rats with femoral osteosarcoma was feasible and successful. Mean tumor necrosis of 95% was achieved histologically, and minimal adverse skin effects were observed.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—The orthotopic model of canine osteosarcoma in rats developed in this study was suitable for evaluating the effects of local tumor control and can be used in future studies to evaluate optimization of SRT duration, dose, and fractionation schemes. The model could also allow evaluation of other treatments in combination with SRT, such as chemotherapy or bisphosphonate, radioprotectant, or parathyroid hormone treatment.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research