OBJECTIVE To evaluate outcomes for dogs following marginal tumor excision and intralesional placement of cisplatin-impregnated beads for the treatment of cutaneous or subcutaneous soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) and assess local toxic effects of cisplatin-impregnated beads in these patients.
DESIGN Retrospective case series.
ANIMALS 62 client-owned dogs.
PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed to identify dogs with STSs treated with marginal excision and intralesional placement of cisplatin-impregnated beads. Patient signalment; tumor location, type, and grade; dates of tumor resection and bead placement; number of beads placed; and concurrent treatments were recorded. Data regarding toxicosis at the bead site (up to the time of suture removal) and tumor recurrence were collected; variables of interest were evaluated for associations with these outcomes, and systemic adverse effects (if any) were recorded.
RESULTS 24 of 51 (47%) evaluated dogs had toxicosis at bead placement sites (classified as mild [n = 12] or moderate  in most). Fifteen of 51 (29%) tumors recurred. Median disease-free interval was not reached for dogs with grade 1 and 2 STSs, whereas that for dogs with grade 3 STSs was 148 days. Disease-free survival rates of dogs with grade 1 and 2 tumors at 1, 2, and 3 years were 88%, 75%, and 64%, respectively. One dog was treated for presumptive systemic toxicosis but recovered with medical treatment.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Cisplatin-impregnated beads were generally well tolerated; good results were achieved for dogs with grade 1 or 2 STSs. Prospective, controlled studies are needed to determine efficacy of this treatment for preventing recurrence of marginally excised STSs in dogs.
To describe clinical findings and survival times for dogs with functional thyroid tumors treated with surgery alone and investigate potential prognostic factors for outcome in these patients.
27 client-owned dogs.
Medical records of 9 institutions were reviewed to identify dogs with hyperthyroidism secondary to thyroid neoplasia that were treated with surgery alone between 2005 and 2015. Data collected included signalment, hematologic and physical examination findings, tumor staging results, time from diagnosis to treatment, surgical procedure performed, histologic findings, evidence of recurrence or metastatic disease, and date of death or last follow-up. Median survival time and 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rates were assessed by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Associations between variables of interest and the outcome of death were assessed with Cox proportional hazards models.
Dogs from 8 institutions met inclusion criteria. Median age at diagnosis was 10 years (range, 8 to 13 years). Golden Retrievers and Labrador Retrievers were commonly represented (5 dogs each). Polyuria with polydipsia (15/27 [56%]) and weight loss (12 [44%]) were the most common clinical signs; 2 dogs without clinical signs had hyperthyroidism identified by routine hematologic analysis. One dog had metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis. Most tumors (23/27 [85%]) were malignant. Estimated median survival time was 1,072 days. No significant prognostic factors were identified.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE
Dogs with resectable functional thyroid tumors had a good prognosis with surgical excision alone. Survival times for these dogs were similar to those in previous studies that included dogs with nonfunctional thyroid tumors.
Objective—To determine clinical status and renal and hematopoietic function after kidney donation and identify risks associated with kidney donation in dogs.
Animals—14 dogs that underwent unilateral nephrectomy for kidney donation.
Procedures—Records were reviewed retrospectively to collect data regarding prenephrectomy clinicopathologic variables. Dogs were reexamined prospectively at various times after nephrectomy, and pre- and postnephrectomy CBC, serum biochemical analyses, urinalysis, and urine protein-to-urine creatinine ratio were compared. Six dogs had postnephrectomy renal volume determined ultrasonographically, and 4 of those dogs also underwent scintigraphic determination of glomerular filtration rate and renal biopsy.
Results—All dogs were clinically normal at the time of reevaluation. There were no significant differences between prenephrectomy and postnephrectomy values for BUN concentration or urine specific gravity. Mean postnephrectomy serum creatinine concentration was significantly greater than prenephrectomy concentration. Mean serum phosphorus concentration was significantly decreased after nephrectomy, and mean Hct, corpuscular volume, and corpuscular hemoglobin concentration were significantly increased after nephrectomy. Postnephrectomy renal volume was greatest in dogs < 12 months old at the time of surgery. Mean postnephrectomy glomerular filtration rate was 2.82 ± 1.12 mL/kg/ min (1.28 ± 0.51 mL/lb/min). Renal biopsy specimens obtained during and after nephrectomy were histologically normal.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Renal and hematopoietic variables were within reference ranges in dogs examined up to 2.5 years after unilateral nephrectomy. Compensatory renal hypertrophy was greatest in dogs < 1 year of age at donation. Donor age, along with histocompatability, may be an important factor in selecting dogs for kidney donation.