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Objective—To evaluate the possible effect of melatonin implants on blood glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) activity and in the prevention of selenium (Se)-responsive disorders in sheep from an Se-deficient region.

Design—Randomized controlled clinical trial.

Animals—100 Merino ewes.

Procedures—Ewes of the same age, parity, body weight, body condition, and reproductive and health history were randomly allotted to 1 of 2 groups (control and implanted) of 50 sheep each. Treatment consisted of implants of melatonin (18 g) administered SC in the pinna of the right ear 6 weeks prior to introduction of rams. The control group did not receive implants. Hematologic and serum biochemical analyses were performed at various points before and after treatment, in addition to determinations of erythrocyte mean corpuscular fragility (MCF) and blood GSHPx activity. The incidence of Se-responsive disorders in lambs was recorded in both groups.

Results—Hematologic and serum biochemical analyses yielded values within respective reference ranges for both groups. Significant differences between groups were evident in MCF at early mating (lower in the implanted group vs the control group) and in blood GSHPx activity at early mating, gestation, and early lambing (higher in the implanted group vs the control group). There were significantly fewer lambs with nutritional myodystrophy in the implanted versus the control group.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Use of melatonin implants in sheep may improve reproductive performance and yield an earlier start of breeding season. The stimulating effect of melatonin on GSHPx activity may protect against oxidative damage during the first stage of gestation.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association


Concentration of total proteins was measured and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel disk electrophoresis was performed on tear and plasma samples obtained from 26 healthy dogs, and the results were compared. Mean ± sem concentration of total proteins in tears was 0.63 ± 0.04 g/dl, and significant effects of age or gender were not found. The protein composition of tears in dogs was complex, and bands from light and heavy chains of immunoglobulins were identified by electrophoresis.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research



To examine changes occurring in normal pelvic suspensory ligaments (SLs) of horses after denervating these ligaments and to investigate the effect chronic inflammation might have on these changes.


10 horses.


The SL of 1 randomly selected pelvic limb of each of 5 horses was injected with collagenase to induce desmitis, and 42 days later, the proximal aspect of both pelvic SLs were denervated. The SLs were harvested 120 days after being denervated, and the morphological and histological characteristics of each collagenase-injected, denervated SL were compared with those of the contralateral, non-injected, denervated SL. All denervated SLs were compared with non-denervated pelvic SLs harvested from 5 horses similar in weight and age.


The mean width and the cross-sectional area of the musculature of all denervated SLs were significantly less than that of the non-denervated ligaments. The mean thickness of collagenase-injected denervated ligaments, but not that of the non-injected denervated ligaments, was significantly less than that of the non-denervated ligaments. Histological abnormalities typical of neurogenic muscular atrophy were observed in all denervated ligaments.


Loss of motor neuronal input to the proximal aspect of the SL of the pelvic limb of horses causes neurogenic atrophy of the musculature in that portion of the ligament. Denervating a SL of a pelvic limb may weaken the ligament, increasing its risk of injury. Chronic inflammation of the SL before neurectomy may exacerbate atrophy of the musculature after neurectomy.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research