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this search at each institution included any of the following: aneurysm, cardiac, vascular, cardiomegaly, arrhythmia, murmur, exophthalmia, atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, cardiomyopathy, effusion, pleural, pericardial, coelomic effusion, heart

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

revealed a large-volume left-sided pleural effusion (approx fluid depth, > 20 cm), lung consolidation, and a small amount of peritoneal effusion. Large echogenic flocculent particles were present within the pleural fluid ( Figure 1 ). The animal was sedated

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

effusion occurs when an underlying disease upsets the normal homeostatic mechanisms within the thorax and allows an abnormal volume of fluid to accumulate in the pleural space. 2,3,5 Common types of pleural effusion in cats include transudates (secondary

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Pericardial effusion is a fairly common acquired cardiac condition in dogs. Prevalence has been reported to be 0.43% (1/233) for dogs examined at a referral veterinary hospital, and it accounts for approximately 7% of dogs with clinical signs of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

radiography revealed bilateral pleural effusion. A CBC a and serum biochemical analysis revealed only a few mild abnormalities, which were not considered clinically important. Thoracocentesis yielded 290 mL of clear fluid. Refractometer reading of the fluid

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Introduction Effusion is one of the most common clinical signs identified in horses with joint disease such as osteoarthritis, osteochondrosis dissecans, 1 soft tissue injuries, 2 and synovial sepsis. 3 The use of palpation to detect

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

A10-year-old 7.1-kg (15.6-lb) spayed female Jack Russell Terrier (dog 1) was referred to the CUHA for evaluation of pleural effusion. The dog was initially examined by the referring veterinarian because of cough and increased respiratory effort of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Pericardial effusion is defined as abnormal fluid accumulation within the pericardial sac. 1–5 It is a potentially life-threatening condition and can occur secondary to a number of disease processes. 3–5 Neoplasia, more specifically right atrial

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

ventral aspect of the thorax. Echocardiography did not reveal any cardiac abnormalities, but thoracic ultrasonography revealed abundant anechoic pleural effusion and a structure of mixed echogenicity without well-defined outlines that was cranial to the

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

ultrasound examination showed a large volume of pericardial effusion. Standard 3-view thoracic radiography revealed a markedly enlarged cardiac silhouette with a globoid shape, suggestive of pericardial effusion ( Figure 1 ). Transthoracic echocardiography

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association