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veterinarians when determining whether further diagnostics or treatments are needed. Digital rectal examination (DRE) is considered to be a standard or baseline component of the physical examination for medium- and large-breed dogs, as well as small dogs and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

-sided perineal hernia was apparently painful, red, and swollen. Swelling of the prepuce and scrotum was also noted. On digital rectal examination, bilateral perineal hernias were detected. The dog was anesthetized for a CT scan prior to surgery. The dog was

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

the ability of these tests to detect canine and feline hemoglobin. Our study had 2 objectives. The first objective was to determine if the sample collection method (naturally voided vs digital rectal examination collection) affects FOBT results. The

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

a urine stream directed caudally. The external anal sphincter seemed incompletely formed, with the ventral aspect lacking normal rectal mucosa and musculature. Anal sphincter tone was palpably normal, and digital rectal examination did not reveal any

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

. The vulva was normal in appearance. Digital rectal examination was not performed because of the small size of the dog. Persistent stranguria was noted during physical examination. Small drops of urine were produced during episodes of prolonged

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

definitive diagnosis of a perineal hernia is based on clinical signs and findings of a weakened pelvic diaphragm during a digital rectal examination. 1 , 2 Other diagnostic tests that can be performed include abdominal radiography and ultrasonography, which

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

.05% chlorhexidine diacetate solution, and carefully examined with a probe. The anal sacs, external anal sphincter, and anorectal mucosa were closely inspected, and a digital rectal examination was performed to assess sphincter function and degree of thickening in

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

rectal examination confirmed the presence of black tarry feces consistent with melena. Findings on CBC revealed marked leukocytosis (33,800 leukocytes/µL; reference range, 4,000 to 15,500 leukocytes/µL) characterized by a moderate neutrophilia (20

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

not be reached on digital rectal examination. The testicles were symmetric and appropriate in size. Serum biochemical analysis revealed a mildly high alkaline phosphatase activity (98 U/L; reference range, 13 to 95 U/L), mild hypophosphatemia (2.3 mg

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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abdomen, with signs of pain on abdominal palpation; individual abdominal organs could not be evaluated on abdominal palpation. There was a soft, painful swelling present in the left perineal region. On digital rectal examination, a rectal diverticulum was

Full access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association