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Bovine whey samples were evaluated by use of lymphocyte-transformation tests to determine their effect on lymphocyte blastogenesis. Whey samples from mammary glands with clinical mastitis strongly inhibited dna synthesis and blastogenesis in lymphocytes stimulated with mitogens or dividing because of bovine leukemia virus infection. Whey samples from apparently healthy glands either did not inhibit lymphocyte dna synthesis or inhibited it to a lesser degree than did whey from mastitic glands. Degree of inhibition was dose-dependent. The molecules causing inhibition were noncytotoxic and underwent minimal binding to the lymphocytes. Inhibitory molecules were susceptible to various proteolytic and glycolytic enzymes, indicating a glycoprotein-like structure. Whey inhibited incorporation of thymidine if it was in the cell cultures during the early stages of stimulation. Incubation of lymphocytes in whey that inhibited thymidine incorporation did not affect dna synthesis in subsequent culturing of the same cells without whey. Degree of inhibition was affected by the method of whey preparation.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association