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  • Author or Editor: Jean M. d'Offay x
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Nine cns bovine herpesvirus type 1 (bhv-1) isolates, recovered from bovine brain samples submitted to the Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratories from 1974-1989, were compared by analyzing their dna restriction endonuclease (re) fragment migration pattern. Seven had pattern similar to that of the respiratory bhv-1 Cooper strain. The remaining 2 isolates, however, had variant patterns, similar to that of each other, but completely different from patterns for the other 7. The re patterns of these 2 variants were similar to published re patterns for 2 encephalitic or neuropathogenic bhv-1 strains — the Australian N-569 strain and the Argentine A-663 strain. One of the Texas encephalitic variants (No. 30326) was isolated from the cns of a calf that died during an epizootic of encephalitis in 1974. The other, designated TX-89, was isolated in 1989 from the cns of a 7-month-old feedlot steer with acute fatal encephalitis. Microscopic lesions of encephalitis with neuronal degeneration and intranuclear inclusions were observed for 3 of the 9 isolates, the 2 variant isolates (No. 30326 and TX-89), and a respiratory isolate. The remaining 6 cns isolates, all respiratory subtypes, were recovered from cattle that did not have clinical cns disease or gross or microscopic cns lesions; in 5 of these cattle, virus was recovered from at least 1 other organ (lungs) besides the cns. We conclude that the cns of calves can be naturally infected with 2 distinct bhv-1 subtypes, the respiratory and the encephalitic, and that the encephalitic subtype (subtype 3 or bhv-1.3) has been present in Texas cattle since at least 1974.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research