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Abstract

Objective—To examine behavioral and physiologic effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mastitis in lactating dairy cows.

Animals—20 Holstein cows.

Procedures—Cows were assigned to 5 blocks (4 cows/block) on the basis of parity and number of days in lactation. Intramammary infusion and IV treatments were assigned in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Cows within each block were assigned to receive intramammary infusion with 25 μg of LPS or sterile PBS solution 3 hours after milking, and treatment with flunixin meglumine or sterile PBS solution was administered IV 4 hours after intramammary infusion. Video monitoring was continuously performed during the study.

Results—LPS-infused cows spent less time during the first 12 hours after infusion lying, eating, and chewing cud, compared with results for PBS solution-infused cows. Behavioral responses were correlated with physiologic responses for the first 12 hours after intramammary infusion. Flunixin meglumine administration after intramammary infusion mitigated some behavioral and clinical systemic responses.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance—Intramammary infusion of LPS caused changes in both behavioral and physiologic variables in lactating dairy cows. Time spent lying, eating, and chewing cud were negatively correlated with physiologic responses in cows. Evaluation of behavior patterns may provide an ancillary measure, along with evaluation of physiologic variables, for monitoring well-being, clinical responses, and recovery from acute clinical mastitis.

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate, in primiparous cows, the effect of dietary biotin supplementation on severity of lesions of aseptic subclinical laminitis.

Animals

100 primiparous cows in a 800-cow commercial dairy herd.

Procedure

Cows were assigned after calving to a biotin-supplemented (20 mg/head/d) or control group on an alternating basis. Digits 3 and 4 of the left forelimb and right hind limb were examined at a mean of 25, 108, and 293 days after parturition. Toe length, hoof angle, and heel depth were measured, and hooves were examined for solear hemorrhage, yellow solear discoloration, separation of the white line, and heel erosion. Serum and milk biotin concentrations were also measured.

Results

Serum biotin concentrations were significantly higher for supplemented than for control cows. During the second examination, prevalence of separation of the white line of digits 3 and 4 of the hind limb and digit 4 of the forelimb was lower for supplemented than for control cows. Mean decrease in heel depth between the first and third examinations was approximately twice as great for digit 4 of the forelimb and 4 times as great for digit 3 of the forelimb in supplemented, versus control, cows. Other differences were not found.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance

Results suggest that supplemental dietary biotin may have a beneficial effect on hoof health in intensively managed primiparous dairy cows. (Am J Vet Res 1998;59:733-738)

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research