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  • Author or Editor: Suzanne Cayatte x
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Summary

In 100 dogs with 4 inflammatory dermatologic diseases, buffy coat preparations from edta-treated blood samples were examined cytologically. Fifty-four dogs had atopy, 26 had flea-bite hypersensitivity, 17 had sarcoptic mange, and 3 had food allergy. Twenty-eight dogs had 2 or more concurrent skin diseases; most of these had secondary pyoderma. Dogs did not have mast cell tumors. Thirteen samples contained 1 or more mast cells/4 slides reviewed. This study revealed that dogs with inflammatory skin diseases can have a few to many mast cells evident on cytologic examination of buffy coat preparations.

Free access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Objective

To determine the efficacy of increased dosages of milbemycin oxime in the treatment of generalized demodicosis.

Design

Prospective clinical trial.

Animals

26 adult dogs with chronic generalized demodicosis.

Procedure

In phase 1, milbemycin was administered daily to 13 dogs at an approximate mean dosage of 1 mg/kg of body weight ( po) until 30 days after skin scrapings failed to detect mites. If the mite count had not decreased by 25% from the prior month's examination, the drug dosage was increased to approximately 2 mg/kg. Treatment was considered a failure if the mite count had not changed on 2 successive examinations. In phase 2 involving 13 other dogs, an approximate mean dosage of 2 mg/kg was used. If mite counts had not been reduced to 0 by 180 days, treatment was considered to have failed.

Results

In phase 1, when milbemycin was administered at the initial low dosage, 6 dogs were considered to have been cleared of mites. One of these relapsed 2 months after discontinuation of treatment. For the 7 dogs not cleared of mites, the dosage was doubled. Two of these were never cleared of mites. In phase 2, 12 of 13 dogs were cleared of mites after 60 to 180 days of treatment.

Clinical Implications

High-dose milbemycin was effective in the treatment of generalized demodicosis.

Free access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

SUMMARY

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for the detection of Toxoplasma gondii antigen-containing IgM immune complexes (T gondii-specific IgM-lC) and IgG immune complexes (T gondii-specific IgG-IC) in the serum of cats were developed. Serum from clinically ill, naturally infected cats; healthy, naturally infected cats; and healthy cats experimentally inoculated with T gondii was assayed. All combinations of T gondii-specific IgM, IgG, antigens, IgM-IC and IgG-IC were detected in naturally infected and experimentally infected cats. Clinically ill cats and cats with ocular signs of toxoplasmosis were more likely than healthy cats to have Tgondii-specific IC in serum. It was concluded that T gondii-specific IC form in the serum of cats, may play a role in clinical disease development, and affect the results of Tgondii-specific IgM, IgG, and antigen serologic assays.

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research