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Abstract

Objective

To determine the effects of phenylbutazone administration on heart rate and right atrial and pulmonary vascular pressures in Thoroughbreds during rest and during exercise performed at maximal heart rate.

Animals

7 healthy, exercise-conditioned Thoroughbreds.

Procedure

Horses were studied on 3 occasions: without medication (control), after IV administration of phen-ylbutazone (4.4 mg/kg of body weight) at 12-hour intervals for 2 days and a final dose given 1 hour before exercise, and after IV administration of phenylbutazone for 2 days in the same manner, but with the final dose given 24 hours before exercise. Horses were studied at rest and during exercise performed at maximal heart rate on a treadmill. Right atrial and pulmonary vascular pressures were measured with catheter-tip manometers referenced at the point of the shoulder.

Results

We did not detect significant differences in heart rate or right atrial and pulmonary vascular pressures among values recorded when horses were not given medication and values recorded when phenylbutazone was administered by either regimen. Exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage occurred in 6 of the 7 horses re-gardless of whether phenylbutazone was administered or the dosage regimen used.

Conclusions

In these Thoroughbreds, phenylbutazone treatment did not modify heart rate or right atrial and pulmonary vascular pressures at rest or during exercise capable of eliciting exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage. Thus, because phenylbutazone is a potent inhibitor of cyclooxygenase, prostaglandins probably do not play a role in mediating exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension in horses.

Clinical Relevance

Phenylbutazone administration did not modify the pulmonary capillary hypertension in the strenuously exercising Thoroughbreds, and therefore, is unlikely to alter the prevalence or severity of exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage in Thoroughbred race-horses. (Am J Vet Res 1996;57:1354-1358)

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research