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Summary

Sheep given powdered Ferula communis variety brevifolia at dosage of 2.5 g/kg of body weight/d for 15 days developed classical clinical signs of intoxication: anorexia, somnolence, apparent weakness, and hemorrhage. Marked reduction of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors and prolongation of prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time were consistent with presence of ferulenol, a toxic coumarinic factor in the plant. Changes induced in the coagulation system developed by the second day of plant administration and were normal within 4 days after dosing was stopped. There was no evidence of primary liver damage or platelet malfunction. Of 6 intoxicated sheep, 2 died with only minimal evidence of hemorrhage.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Summary

Dynamics of plasma ferulenol concentration and its effect on the vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors, prothrombin time (pt), and activated partial thromboplastin time (aptt) were determined in 4 sheep intoxicated individually with 600 g of powdered Ferula communis variety brevifolia (fcb) given in 8 doses at intervals of 6 hours. Ferulenol was detected in the plasma of all sheep at initial blood sample collection, 6 hours after the first dose of approximately 75 g of fcb was placed in the rumen. The last observed peak of approximately 20 μg/ml was detected at about 12 hours after the last of 8 doses, and the mean concentration then decreased to < 1 μg/ml during the next 70 hours. Maximal concentration of ferulenol and time for plasma clearance varied with individual sheep. The pt increased steadily to a maximum of 6 times normal about 70 hours after the last peak plasma ferulenol concentration and about 80 hours after fcb administration was stopped. The pt then returned to almost normal (ratio of 1.12) from the maximum (ratio of 6.12) within approximately 5 days. The aptt results generally paralleled the pt results, but the change was not as marked. Maximal pt and aptt ratios were animal - dependent and not always related to plasma ferulenol concentration. The activity of all the vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors was depressed, but the variations were unique to each factor. Factor V, a vitamin K-independent coagulation factor actually had a brief period of increased plasma activity. We concluded that the effects on P, T aptt, and vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors induced in sheep intoxicated with fcb were consistent with the coumarinic structure of ferulenol, the intoxicating compound in fcb, which seems to have a short-term anticoagulation effect.

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research