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Summary

The usefulness of tidal breathing flow-volume loops (tbfvl) to evaluate pulmonary function was investigated in 6 Standardbreds during treadmill exercise. Tidal breathing flow-volume loops are a graphic representation of airflow rate vs tidal volume for each individual breath. These tbfvl were obtained from horses exercising at speeds corresponding to 75 and 100% of maximum heart rate. Measurements were recorded in each horse before and after ovalbumin-induced allergic lung disease. Moderate obstructive lung disease, characterized by a significant increase in pulmonary resistance, was observed while the horses were at rest. We found that in horses with airway obstruction exercising at 75 or 100% of maximum heart rate, the quantitative indices describing tbfvl shape and size were not markedly different from those in clinically normal horses exercising at similar speeds.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research