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  • Author or Editor: A. David Alstad x
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Summary

Each of 5 US-origin serotypes of bluetongue virus (btv) was inoculated into a separate pair of sheep. The duration of each animal's ensuing viremia was monitored, using a btv serogroup-specific nested polymerase chain reaction (pcr) method and an embryonating chicken egg (ece) inoculation procedure. Mean duration of viremia was 100 and 38 days for the pcr and ece methods, respectively. This difference was significant (P < 0.001) and documents a more prolonged viremia in virus-exposed sheep than has been reported. A dual internal oligonucleotide solution hybridization procedure was developed for the rapid (2 hours) colorimetric detection and identification of btv-specific pcr products. This enzyme-linked oligonucleotide sorbent assay (elosa) relied on annealing of separate biotinylated and fluores-ceinated probes to the amplified btv nucleic acid; these complexes were captured on streptavidin-coated microtitration wells and were detected, using a horseradish peroxidase-labeled antifluorescein antibody conjugate. End-point dilution analyses of pcr products indicated that the elosa was more sensitive than gel electrophoretic or comparable colorimetric slot-blot hybridization techniques. The btv pcr-elosa system represents a more sensitive and expeditious means of diagnosing btv-induced viremia than does the ece procedure currently used. The combination of elosa with pcr should facilitate practical application of nucleic acid technology to diagnostic veterinary medicine.

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research