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nasopharyngeal swab (DNP), transtracheal wash (TTW), and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) being most common. 11 Each sampling method has advantages and disadvantages, but research shows that agreement among the different methods for the detection of bacterial

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

negatively affected BRSV replication and detection. Additionally, results from previous studies 38 , 39 demonstrated a reduced probability of detecting BRSV by RT-PCR in nasal secretions of calves with BRD compared with transtracheal wash or bronchoalveolar

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research