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Introduction Fungal infections of the lower respiratory tract, usually caused by Aspergillus spp, are frequently seen in psittacine patients, with certain species, such as African grey parrots, being more commonly affected. 1 Aspergillosis

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Introduction In 2014, producer-reported data collected through the National Animal Health Monitoring Service estimated that respiratory disease affected 12% of preweaned dairy heifers and accounted for 24% of deaths within this group. 1

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

P ulmonary hypertension (PH) can be categorized as precapillary or postcapillary. The former type may be caused by heartworm disease, congenital shunts, and chronic respiratory disease, whereas the latter type may be caused by left-heart diseases

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

B ovine respiratory disease (BRD) is 1 of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in preweaned dairy calves and is second only to neonatal calf diarrhea as the primary disease syndrome affecting this population. 1 Consequences of BRD

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

P orcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a highly contagious and virulent infectious disease caused by the PRRS virus (PRRSV), which could result in adverse reproductive disorders, including abortion, stillbirth, mummified fetuses

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

airway microbiota in the pathogenesis of various respiratory diseases, including asthma. Of interest, cats and humans share very similar features of allergic asthma, 2 making the study of the feline microbiota relevant to One Health initiatives. When

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

E quine respiratory anatomy and physiology have unique features that contribute to the challenges of general anesthesia in horses. The prominent caudodorsal equine lung fields lie dorsal to a dome-shaped diaphragm in the standing horse. 1 , 2 The

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

History In 2013, the annual cost of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) to the US swine industry was estimated to be $664 million 1 ; however, a recent report estimated the current cost of the disease at approximately $1

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Introduction Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a devastating disease of pigs, resulting in loss of production, reduced animal welfare, and economic losses estimated at $660M/y to the US swine industry. 1 PRRS is caused

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

B ovine respiratory disease (BRD) is among the costliest diseases encountered in the feedlot industry. 1 Distinguishing more severe cases from those that may require less attention could lead to more appropriate treatment and management decisions

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research