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weight is needed to cause a positive fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in dogs, highlighting the utility of fecal occult blood testing in identification of GI bleeding. 1 Gastrointestinal blood loss can be a cause of unexplained regenerative anemia in dogs

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

treat cats with occult HCM. Rapamycin, also known as sirolimus, a macrolide and inhibitor of the mechanistic (previously called mammalian) target of rapamycin (mTOR), shows promise as a novel therapeutic for feline HCM. 5 – 10 mTOR is an atypical

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

longitudinal examinations within a recheck period ranging from 1 to 2.5 years. Three dogs developed occult DCM (1 who was originally diagnosed with equivocal DCM and 2 that were originally normal), 1 dog transitioned from normal to an equivocal DCM diagnosis

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

(EPO) production of failing kidneys, 1 , 3 – 5 “functional” iron deficiency, 6 nutritional imbalances caused by hyporexia/anorexia, 3 and visible or occult gastrointestinal bleeding. 6 In dogs, in contrast to people, there is no decrease in red

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The inclusion of vertebral heart score (VHS) and, more recently, the inclusion of the vertebral left atrial size (VLAS) in radiographic evaluation have become important screening tools for identifying dogs with occult cardiac disease. Several recent papers have shown there are interbreed variations in the VHS reference range. Our hypothesis is that the Miniature Schnauzer would also have a higher reference range for its VHS.

ANIMALS

The electronic medical records of IDEXX Telemedicine Consultants were searched for Miniature Schnauzers undergoing thoracic radiographs between March 1, 2022, and February 28, 2023.

METHODS

Dogs were included if they had 3 view thoracic radiographs performed and no evidence of cardiopulmonary disease was detected. Dogs with incomplete radiographic studies or cardiac or extracardiac disease were excluded. The VHS and VLAS measurements were performed by 2 board-certified cardiologists independent of one another.

RESULTS

A total of 1,000 radiographs were obtained of which 272 were included for the study. The overall range for the VHS in this cohort was 9.68 to 12.07 with a median of 10.9. For VLAS measurements, a range of 1.71 to 2.4 was documented with a median of 2.0.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

The VHS for Miniature Schnauzers without cardiac disease was confirmed to be higher than the canine reference range.

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

presenting clinical signs with no appreciable signal abnormalities on conventional MRI sequences would include occult cerebrovascular accidents (such as an occult ischemic infarct or transient ischemic attacks), occult infectious or inflammatory etiologies

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

artery and no microfilariae were found in the bloodstream, which is consistent with occult infection with a single male. The single adult parasite identified in this patient was found within the calvarium, where it was causing neurologic trauma that could

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

) for 28 days. All investigators were masked to treatment group allocation throughout the duration of the study. Fecal occult blood testing Voided feces from each pen were collected for fecal occult blood evaluation on days 0, 14, 21, and 28

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

correction commonly involves a combination of procedures that deepen the trochlear groove via a wedge or block recession, transpose the tibial tuberosity, and imbricate or release periarticular soft tissues. It has been reported that for every occult grade

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

The impact of MPL on hindlimb movement varies markedly among individual dogs. In some dogs, MPL is diagnosed without obvious clinical signs (occult MPL) 4 while others have a variety of clinical signs including severe lameness accompanied by femoral

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research