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neonatal foals. The first objective of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetics of multiple oral doses of acetaminophen administered to neonatal foals with a second objective of evaluating the hematology and biochemistry parameters over the 2-week

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

are highly susceptible to infection 6 presumably because of naïve and immature immune responses of foals 7 – 11 and interference of maternal antibodies (Abs). 12 , 13 Despite their naïve and immature immunity, neonatal foals can mount effective

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

when coadministering 2 MLV vaccines that replicate at the same or adjacent mucosal sites. 8 Intranasal (IN) vaccination has been adopted in neonatal calves as an effective strategy to circumvent vaccine interference by maternal antibodies and target

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

A bsorption of maternal antibodies in neonatal calves is commonly evaluated by measuring immunoglobulin G (IgG) as it is the primary immunoglobulin in bovine colostrum. 1 Radial immunodiffusion assays (RID) are the reference test for measuring

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

in foals: current recommendations Antimicrobial use in foals has been widely investigated, with most publications and guidelines aimed toward the treatment of neonatal sepsis. 2 Current guidelines for antimicrobial treatment in foals are based on

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

), enteroaggregative E coli , and diffusely adherent E coli (DAEC). 23 , 25 , 26 Likewise, ExPEC can be subdivided into uropathogenic E coli (UPEC), neonatal meningitis E coli (NMEC), and avian pathogenic E coli . 23 , 25 , 26 Our aim was to investigate the

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

H arbor seals ( Phoca vitulina richardsi ) are commonly rescued and undergo rehabilitation along the Pacific coast of North America. Most frequently, these patients are rescued as stranded neonates and pups. The Vancouver Aquarium Marine Mammal

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Sample collectors were veterinarians and veterinary students of the WMC. They were given a written protocol and access to an instructional video for correct and consistent sampling. ECR were classified into 3 groups: neonates, juveniles, and adults based

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

recently described in a population of healthy neonatal foals, 8 but sampling did not extend beyond 5 days of age. In the same study, Wong et al 8 showed significantly lower AA concentrations in septic and sick nonseptic foals compared to healthy subjects

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

higher rate of mortality in cases of equine colic and sepsis in foals. 4 , 7 , 8 Dysregulation of cytokines in horses has also been linked to renal failure and hyperinsulinemia, which may drive laminitis. 9 , 10 Current management of sepsis in neonatal

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research