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Introduction Animal bites account for roughly 1% of all emergency department visits in the US, with 60% to 90% of those bites being from dogs and 5% to 20% being from cats. 1 Animal-related injuries, specifically animal bites, are associated

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Introduction Musculoskeletal injuries are responsible for a high rate of racehorse attrition. 1 Even with the best outcomes, musculoskeletal injuries in racing Thoroughbreds result in loss of income, lower field numbers, and fewer career

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Introduction Numerous physical, psychological, and sociological health benefits have been associated with persons having a pet in the household. 1 However, pet ownership is not without inherent risk of disease and injury. 2 , 3 Approximately

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

The Pathophysiology of Tendon Injury Naturally occurring tendon injuries in animals provide a translational avenue to study pathophysiology and evaluate novel therapeutics that benefit both veterinary and human clinical patients. Specifically

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

I njuries leading to tendon, ligament, or joint degeneration are common in all uses of horses, from recreation to competition to farmwork. 1 Treatments for orthopedic injuries include resting, therapeutic shoeing, physical therapy, or local

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Introduction Injuries of the palmaroproximal aspect of the metacarpus are a well-recognized cause of lameness in performance horses of different disciplines. 1 – 3 Injury is thought to be a result of repetitive work-related trauma and

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Introduction Sudden renal parenchymal damage due to a variety of etiologies (eg, ureteral obstruction, pyelonephritis, renal ischemia, toxicosis) is an important clinical condition in cats resulting in acute kidney injury (AKI). Considering

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Background Tendinopathy and desmopathy are major causes of lameness and reduced performance in horses. Tendon and ligament fibers have some elasticity, allowing for the elongation of fibers during exercise; injury occurs when the strain

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

cytokines interferon-γ and tumor necrosis factor-α. The influence of the environment on MSCs is still under investigation and comprises an important focus of future research. Contrary to in vitro work, in vivo work in rat traumatic brain injury reveals a

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

stresses and strains during exercise. For this reason, energy-storing tendons are particularly prone to overload-induced injury. The most critical energy-storing and commonly injured tendon in humans is the Achilles, or calcaneal, tendon with which the

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association