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, hyperglycemia creates an osmotic pull, which shifts water from the intracellular to extracellular fluid space. This shift in water dilutes the plasma sodium concentration, resulting in dilutional hyponatremia (also known as hypertonic hyponatremia). 1 , 2

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

intact females. Twenty-two whole blood samples were collected from client-owned feline patients diagnosed with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or abnormal blood glucose concentrations (hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia). Another set of 38 whole blood samples

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

regulated by multiple hormones. 19 Previous studies in other species, including cows, 20 , 21 dogs, 22 , 23 horses, 24 – 26 and rabbits, 8 have shown that derangements in blood glucose, including both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia, are associated with

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

medetomidine is widely used in feline veterinary practice as an excellent sedative; however, it induces undesirable effects, such as bradyarrhythmia, hyperglycemia, and emesis. 5 – 7 A combination of medetomidine with midazolam and ketamine produces good

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

/L), marked toxic changes, and marked monocytosis (monocytes, 18.7 X 10 9 cells/L; reference interval, 1 0.03 X 10 9 to 1.39 X 10 9 cells/L). Plasma biochemical analyses revealed marked hyperglycemia (82.4 mmol/L; reference interval, 1 6 to 18.5 mmol

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

and lethargy. Clinical and Gross Findings On physical examination, the bearded dragon had a palpable cranial coelomic mass. Abnormal clinicopathologic values included hyperglycemia (1,348 mg/dL; reference range, 1 210 to 255 mg/dL) and mild

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

10 3 cells/µL) and monocytosis (1.45 X 10 3 cells/µL; RI, 0.15 to 1.35 X 10 3 cells/µL). Clinicopathologic abnormalities included marked hyperglycemia (395 mg/dL; RI, 74 to 143 mg/dL) and high alanine transaminase (146 U/L; RI, 10 to 140 U

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

hyperglycemia despite adequate insulin doses or have marked fluctuations in blood glucose concentrations, including hypoglycemia. 5 , 8 In some of these dogs, the cause of poor glycemic control may not be clear, but others have poor control due to insulin

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

the diagnosis of disease. Due to radionucleotide handling limitations, blood glucose was not measured in the time between injection and imaging when it would be most likely to affect uptake. Hyperglycemia is known to decrease 18F-FDG uptake in

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

availability, and the need for some BG curves to be performed in a veterinary clinic, potentially resulting in stress-induced hyperglycemia. Continuous interstitial glucose monitoring systems avoid the need for repeated sample collection by utilizing a small

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research