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Studies of blood calcium concentrations in chelonians date back to the early 20th century. 1 Measurements of blood calcium concentrations are now widely used in clinical settings to monitor calcium homeostasis in humans and animals, including

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

carry out a series of urine metabolomics studies on urolithiasis and found that urolithiasis patients had characteristic urine metabolites. 8 Calcium oxalate and struvite stones are the most common types of stones in clinical cases of canine

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Introduction Calcium exists in 3 fractions within the body: protein bound, complexed, and ionized. 1 Ionized calcium is the biologically active form and accounts for approximately 50% of the total serum calcium. 1 , 2 Calcium homeostasis is

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, but limited information exists on the role of calcium in the etiology of AP in dogs. Animal models show that hypercalcemia induces pancreatic injury via the development of an apical block (rat), premature activation of digestive zymogens (rat), and

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

’Université de Montréal for each snake and included uric acid, BUN, total calcium, phosphorus, total proteins, GGT, ALT, ALP, AST, total cholesterol, CK, glucose, LDH, NAG, and biliary acid concentrations using standard techniques ( Table 1 ) . The NAG

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

, 15 One study by Nelson and colleagues demonstrated that tobramycin concentrations in wound exudates from experimentally induced osteomyelitis in rabbits reached 11.9 mg/mL when treated with impregnated calcium sulfate (CaSO 4 ) pellets. Serum

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

antibiotics, which has the potential to lead to antibiotic resistance. 15 – 17 Currently, calcium sulfate is preferred for antibiotic beads as this material is biodegradable and absorbed by the body, therefore eliminating the need for surgical removal. 3 , 18

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

calculi. 6 Presenting complaints include, but are not limited to, depression, mild bloat, abdominal distention, anorexia, colic, tail flagging, stranguria, hematuria, anuria, and vocalization. 6 Uroliths are most commonly composed of calcium apatite or

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

sustained-release AgNP constructs for ongoing local treatment following wound closure. Various carriers have been evaluated for use as sustained-release constructs in veterinary medicine. Antimicrobial-impregnated calcium sulfate hemihydrate (CSH) beads

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

requirements for 71.2 million people (26% of the US population), protein requirements for 169 million people (51% of the US population), and calcium requirements of 254 million people (77% of the US population). 22 Similarly, the dairy industry supplies a high

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association