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complications, such as ruminal bloating, regurgitation, and aspiration, following general anesthesia in the caprine species. 2 Local anesthetics, such as lidocaine (LIDO) and bupivacaine (BUPI), provide excellent analgesia, are cost effective, and are readily

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

improper catheter placement, local edema formation, infection, pain, and lameness. 5 , 6 Investigation of novel pharmacologic agents, such as extended-release (liposomal encapsulated) bupivacaine offers hope for improved analgesia. 7 Liposomal

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

perioperative pain. Bupivacaine is a popular local anesthetic widely used in surgical procedures such as stifle arthroplasty in dogs due to its long duration of action. A single perineural injection of 0.5% bupivacaine has been reported to provide analgesia

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research
Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

bupivacaine and morphine on healthy cultured equine chondrocytes in vitro. The null hypothesis was that buprenorphine is devoid of any toxic effects on cultured equine chondrocytes independent of the concentration administered or duration of exposure

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

in deeper tissues. A 1 mg/kg of 0.25% bupivacaine (Bupivacaine HCl 0.5%; Myungmoon Pharm) diluted to 0.8 mL/kg 3 with normal saline was injected in an 8 cm straight line at the predicted incision line. For the TAP block, abdominal layers were

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research
Author:

ERAS protocols and locoregional anesthesia for individual surgical procedures; however, there is enough published literature and clinical information to make some informed recommendations. The use of long-acting local anesthetics such as bupivacaine or

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

. After the hair was clipped and the left hemithorax was scrubbed, an ultrasound-guided deep serratus plane block (SPB) was performed with 0.4 mL/kg volume of 0.25% bupivacaine (2.5 mg/mL; maximum dose, 2 mg/kg). A 15- to 6-MHz linear ultrasound transducer

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

biomarkers have been assessed previously in studies 13 , 17 evaluating the effects of the local anesthetic bupivacaine on articular cartilage in horses. In the present study, dexmedetomidine administration did not lead to a significant change in C2C

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

action and improved postoperative analgesia. 6 Furthermore, brachial plexus blockade in humans with bupivacaine was superior when clonidine was added compared to epinephrine. 7 The addition of xylazine to lidocaine in caudal epidurals has been shown to

Open access
in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association