Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 1 of 1 items for

  • Author or Editor: Kenitra Hendrix x
  • Refine by Access: Open Access articles x
Clear All Modify Search



To establish the lowest effective dose of commercially available nanoparticulate silver (AgNP) for antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli (E coli) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP), in vitro, and to establish the effect of incorporating AgNP into carriers for sustained release on this antibacterial activity.


Silver nanoparticle dispersion (0.02 mg/mL) composed of citrate-stabilized, spherical, 10 nm diameter nanoparticles in aqueous buffer.


E coli and MRSP were treated with 0.01 mg/mL AgNP. The highest concentration of bacteria where growth was inhibited by AgNP was selected for treatment with 0.01 mg/mL AgNP incorporated 3 carriers for sustained release: calcium sulfate hemihydrate (CSH) beads, poloxamer 407 gel, and gelatin sponge, respectively. The antibacterial activity of AgNP and AgNP incorporated into carriers for sustained release was compared with a mixed linear effects model.


AgNP inhibited bacterial growth at a concentration of 101 for MRSP and 103 for E coli. For MRSP, the treatment group was associated with bacterial growth (P < .001) while the concentration of bacteria and time were not (P = .292 and P = .289, respectively). For E coli, the treatment group and concentration of bacteria were associated with bacterial growth (P < .001 and = .029, respectively) while time was not (P = .095). Poloxamer 407 gel exerted standalone antibacterial activity against both species of bacteria; sponge and CSH beads did not.


AgNP has antibacterial activity against E coli and MRSP, which can be reduced when incorporated into carriers for sustained release. Poloxamer 407 gel alone and combined with AgNP exerts antibacterial activity against E coli and MRSP.

Open access