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  • Author or Editor: Jung-Hyun Kim x
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Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Galectin-3 is a cardiac biomarker for heart failure in humans. However, it has not been investigated in dogs with naturally occurring heart disease. This study aimed to compare plasma galectin-3 concentration in healthy dogs and those with myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) and explore the potential association of galectin-3 with other cardiac biomarkers, inflammatory cytokines, echocardiographic estimates, and dog characteristics.

ANIMALS

10 healthy dogs and 30 dogs with MMVD were prospectively recruited.

PROCEDURES

In this case-control study, plasma galectin-3, inflammatory cytokines, echocardiographic estimates, and other cardiac biomarkers were measured, and dog characteristics were recorded.

RESULTS

Plasma galectin-3 concentration was significantly higher in dogs with MMVD (2.94 [interquartile range, 1.61 to 5.20] ng/mL) than in healthy controls (1.56 [0.69 to 1.84] ng/mL, P = .009). Logistic regression analysis revealed that galectin-3 concentration and age predicted the presence of MMVD (predictive accuracy = 90.0%, P < .05). A cut-off value ≥ 1.9 ng/mL for galectin-3 differentiated healthy dogs from dogs with MMVD (70% sensitivity; 90% specificity AUC, 0.77; P = .01).

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Plasma galectin-3 concentration was higher in dogs with MMVD than in healthy dogs, indicating that it is a novel cardiac biomarker in dogs with MMVD although there was no significant difference between MMVD stages.

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research