To establish the pharmacokinetics of a single 2-mg oral dose of chlorambucil in cats with indolent lymphoproliferative malignancies.
24 client-owned cats.
Cats were assigned to 1 of 4 groups, with each group having a total of 3 sample collection time points over 12 hours after receiving a single 2-mg oral dose of chlorambucil. Each time point combined to generate 6 full patient plasma chlorambucil concentration-time curves from the 24 cats. Chlorambucil treatment was continued every other day and a single, variably timed sample collection was obtained on day 14. Population parameter estimates were obtained by nonlinear mixed-effects modeling. Covariates investigated included age, sex, baseline serum cobalamin, study location, weight, and body condition score.
Chlorambucil administered orally to cats was found to have a peak plasma concentration of approximately 170 ng/mL (SE, 31.1 ng/mL), percent coefficient of variation (%CV) of 18.4% within 15 minutes, and a terminal half-life of 1.8 hours (SE, 0.21 hour; %CV, 12.4). At the 4-hour mark, a smaller secondary peak in plasma chlorambucil was found. Day 14 samples were similar to those of the initial dose. No covariates showed a significant effect in the population model.
In these cats, chlorambucil at a 2-mg dose administered every other day undergoes rapid gastrointestinal absorption and plasma clearance with no drug accumulation between doses. These data are critical to inform future work investigating the association of chlorambucil drug exposure with adverse events and outcome of cats with lymphoproliferative diseases.