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  • Author or Editor: Abdolreza Mosaddegh x
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study aims to assess the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) trends among Escherichia coli isolated from cats between 2008 and 2022, utilizing MIC data, within a one-health framework.

SAMPLE

The study analyzed MIC results from 1,477 feline E coli isolates that were obtained from samples submitted to the Cornell University Animal Health Diagnostic Center, primarily from the northeastern US.

METHODS

MIC values were categorized as susceptible or not susceptible using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute breakpoints. Multidrug resistance (MDR) was analyzed using a Poisson regression model. Additionally, accelerated failure time models were employed to analyze MIC values.

RESULTS

Out of the 1,477 E coli isolates examined, 739 (50%) showed susceptibility to all tested antimicrobials. Among the tested antimicrobials, cefazolin (69%) and ampicillin (74% for urinary tract isolates) exhibited the lowest susceptibility. Overall, 15% of isolates were not susceptible to cefovecin. E coli isolates were highly susceptible (> 95%) to antibiotics typically reserved for human use. Almost one-third of the isolates were classified as MDR, with nonurinary isolates more likely to exhibit an MDR pattern. A decrease in MICs for fluoroquinolones and gentamicin in recent years was identified. However, MICs for cephalexin increased from 2016 to 2022 and cefovecin from 2012 to 2019.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

This study highlights the challenge of AMR in feline medicine, emphasizing the importance of responsible antimicrobial use and surveillance to address E coli AMR. The related Currents in One Health by Cazer et al, JAVMA, December 2023, addresses additional feline antimicrobial stewardship topics.

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate (1) variables associated with the likelihood of obtaining a positive culture, (2) commonly isolated microorganisms, and (3) antimicrobial resistance patterns of isolates from horses with presumptive synovial sepsis.

SAMPLES

Synovial fluid, synovium, and bone samples from equine cases with presumptive synovial sepsis submitted to the Cornell University Animal Health Diagnostic Center from 2000 to 2020 for microbial culture and antimicrobial sensitivity testing.

PROCEDURES

Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to determine the effect of variables on the likelihood of positive culture. Frequency distributions for isolated organisms and antimicrobial resistance were generated. Multidrug resistance patterns and associations were assessed with association rule mining.

RESULTS

The positive culture rate for all samples was 37.4%, while the positive culture rate among samples confirmed to be septic by a combination of clinical pathological variables and case details was 43%. Blood culture vial submissions were 1.7 times more likely to yield a positive culture compared to samples submitted in a serum tube. Structure sampled, tissue submitted, and horse age were associated with a positive culture. Staphylococcus spp (23.7%), Streptococcus spp (22.4%), and Enterococcus spp (9.67%) were commonly isolated. Multidrug resistance prevalence decreased from 92% (2000 to 2009) to 76% (2010 to 2020) of gram-negative isolates and 60% (2000 to 2009) to 52% (2010 to 2020) of gram-positive isolates.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

The positive culture rate from synovial fluid submissions with traditional sampling and culture methods remains low and may be optimized by submitting samples in blood culture vials. Overall, antimicrobial resistance was frequently observed but did not increase from the first to second decade for most genera.

Open access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research