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and the septum were dissected and weighed separately. Cardiac and RV hypertrophy were assessed by calculating the ratio of heart weight to body weight and of RV weight to LV plus septum weight. Gene expression measurement —The hearts were cut at

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

to use STE to compare left ventricular contractile indices in small, medium, and large dogs and to determine body weight–independent systolic variables. Materials and Methods Dogs —Data were collected from 37 clinically normal adult dogs (7

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

infants will later develop higher adult body weight, higher adult blood pressure, and a predisposition for the development of cardiovascular diseases than other individuals. 7–11 In utero nutritional conditions may also play a role; studies 12–14 in

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

feasibility, repeatability, and reproducibility of determining RALS indices with STE and to report RALS indices for healthy dogs. The secondary objective was to determine correlations between sex, age, body weight, heart rate, and blood pressure and RALS

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

experiments at the RVC included 2 Labrador Retrievers, 1 Lurcher, 1 Italian Spinone, and 1 crossbreed. Median body weight of the dogs was 30.1 kg (range, 27.9 to 35.2 kg); median age was 4 years (range, 4 to 9 years). There were 3 neutered females and 2

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

weight (kg) 0.294 . The LVESDN was determined by dividing by body weight (kg) 0.315 . 21 Dogs with MMVD were classified according to their echocardiographic measurements and clinical status, as recommended in the ACVIM consensus statement. 22

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

adult purpose-bred hound-type dogs with a mean ± SD body weight of 19.9 ± 2.6 kg were evaluated in the study. Dogs were owned by either Oregon State University or a private entity that provided consent for the dogs to be enrolled in the study. All study

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

during minor to moderate surgical procedures resulted in a significant decrease in pulmonary function and corresponding weight gain. Fluid therapy guidelines for dogs indicate that a shock dose (80 to 90 mL/kg, IV) of crystalloid fluid should be

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

. Procedures —Each zebra was positioned in right lateral recumbency for all procedures. Sex and age were recorded. Body weight was estimated by experienced handlers on the basis of the size of the zebra, amount of effort required to manipulate the zebra into

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

.9% of body weight 34 ; the use of 15 cats would provide statistical power of 0.8 to detect a 10% change in total body water. Informed consent was obtained from all cat owners after the purpose, nature, and potential risks and benefits of the study were

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research