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Abstract

Objective

To evaluate a 5-hydroxytryptamine type-2 receptor antagonist, metrenperone (MET), in alleviating respiratory distress associated with experimentally induced Pasteurella haemolytica pneumonia in feedlot calves.

Design

Double-blind controlled clinical trial.

Animals

30 healthy 6- to 8-month-old Hereford-type calves (250 to 450 kg).

Procedure

Initial measurements were made of rectal temperature (RT), arterial blood gas (ABG) tensions, and pulmonary mechanics. Calves were then infected with P haemolytica in logarithmic phase of growth by intratracheal inoculation. 18 hours later, determination of RT and ABG tensions, and pulmonary function testing were repeated and calves were selected for inclusion in the study on the basis of having 2 of the following: respiratory rate > 50 breaths/mm, RT > 40 C, or Pao2 > 20 mm of Hg below the baseline value. MET (0.1 mg/kg of body weight, IM) or an equivalent vehicle dose was then administered. RT, ABG, and pulmonary mechanics measurements were repeated at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12, and 24 hours after treatment. Calves were then euthanatized, and gross necropsy scoring and histologic examination were performed on the lungs.

Results

Infection with P haemolytica caused significant increases in RT and respiratory rate, and reduction in Pao2 , Paco2 , and tidal volume 18 hours after inoculation. MET-treated calves had significantly reduced rectal temperature between 1 and 12 hours, compared with vehicle-treated calves. In addition, MET-treated calves had reduced respiratory rate with concomitantly increased tidal volume between 0.5 and 2 hours after treatment, compared with vehicle-treated calves. Necropsy revealed acute lobar bronchopneumonia in all 30 calves, but there was no difference in necropsy score between treatment groups.

Conclusions and Clinical Relevance

MET may have an antipyretic effect on calves with pneumonia caused by P haemolytica. Its influence on pulmonary mechanics was minimal however, and it did not induce lung lesions in the short term. (Am J Vet Res 1996;57:1034–1039)

Free access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research

private practice to the Veterinary Microbiology Laboratory at the University of California-Davis. All isolates were derived from clinical patients with skin lesions considered consistent with N guarroi infection (crusting and ulceration) as either skin

Full access
in American Journal of Veterinary Research