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Enzootic nasal tumor virus and JSRV are transmissible oncogenic beta-retroviruses known to induce respiratory tract–specific tumors in sheep and goats. 1,2 Enzootic nasal tumor virus and the genomically related JSRV are interesting viruses in

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Laryngeal paralysis in dogs is caused by denervation of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles, which prevents normal abduction and adduction of the arytenoid cartilages and vocal folds. 1 As affected dogs increase their respiratory effort during hot

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Recurrent airway obstruction (also known as heaves) is a respiratory disease that develops in certain horses following exposure to organic dusts, molds, and LPSs in hay. 1 This pulmonary inflammatory disorder is characterized by bronchospasm

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

viral diseases such as viral hepatitis and severe acute respiratory syndrome both in vitro and in ex vivo studies. 6–8 Recently, 2 individual siRNAs that target the FCoV leader region and nucleocapsid gene were shown to inhibit FCoV replication in vitro

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

. Gilts were tested prior to entry into the study and routinely during the study for swine influenza virus (H1N1 and H3N2), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae . Results of all serologic tests were negative

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

host organism. 15 Prebiotics directly modulate immunity by interacting with immune cell receptors and stimulating endocytosis, phagocytosis, respiratory burst, and the production of numerous cytokines and chemokines. 17 Prebiotics inhibit bacterial

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

elsewhere. 23,24 Complete physical examinations (consisting of measurement of rectal temperature, heart rate, and respiratory rate; auscultation of abdominal sounds and digital pulses; and evaluation with hoof testers) and gait evaluation (horses were

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research