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Although human fetuses and neonates can desaturate and elongate the chains of 18-carbon precursors to form their respective LCPUFAs, 1,2 it is uncertain whether the rate of synthesis is sufficient to meet the demands for optimal growth and

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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supplemental arachidonate also supported effective reproduction, it was concluded that other dietary factors may be involved. Of additional interest is the fact that neonatal kittens from queens fed arachidonate in that study 19 were used in another study

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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reported for adult dogs. 5 Thus, neonatal dogs appear to preferentially synthesize DHA from ALA at a time of life when demand for this fatty acid is especially high (ie, during suckling), but only for a short time. Again, it is important to mention that

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

susceptible to infections than are adult dogs and cats because their immune systems are not yet fully developed. Infections can be fatal when acquired by fetuses in utero or by neonates from the contaminated fluids of dams. Deficiencies of methionine or

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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were weaned onto the same diet that had been fed to their dams. 41 This lack of conversion of DHA from α-linolenate in those puppies is similar to that reported for adult dogs. 17 Thus, neonatal dogs appear to synthesize DHA when suckling α

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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provides substrate for such synthesis. Because DHA is an omega-3 fatty acid essential for vision, a direct dietary source of it or its 18-carbon precursor is necessary during gestation and nursing for normal neural development in fetal and neonatal dogs

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

antioxidant capacity and its application to monitoring the antioxidant status in premature neonates . Clin Sci (Lond) 1993 ; 84 : 407 – 412 . 15. Soejima A Matsuzawa N Hayashi T , Alteration of redox state of human serum albumin before and after

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli in neonatal calves and evaluation of fecal shedding by treatment with probiotic Escherichia coli . J Food Prot 2003 ; 66 : 924 – 930 . 10.4315/0362-028X-66.6.924 17. Ohya T Marubashi T Ito H . Significance of

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association