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Administration of supplemental oxygen is commonly performed to increase the oxygen content of blood in hypoxemic neonatal foals. 1 In a neonatal foal, oxygen can be provided via a face mask, nasal cannula, or transtracheal catheter or by means of

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

for imaging the lungs, 6,7 although the use of CT for the diagnosis of thoracic disease in dogs and cats has been well described. 6–8 In sick equine neonates, respiratory disease is a clinically important factor contributing to illness and death

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

diseases. 1–5 The CT characteristics of the lungs are also well described in dogs and cats, 6–8 and CT is considered superior to standard radiography for the detection of pathological changes within the lungs. 9–12 In equine neonates, for which pulmonary

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (perinatal asphyxia or neonatal maladjustment syndrome) is one of the most common diseases affecting neonatal foals. The incidence of this disease among equine neonates is reported to be 1% to 2% of all births. 1

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

-flow nasal cannulas were first used in infants and neonates and have since been used for failures of COT, anesthetic recoveries, chronic pulmonary disorders, heart failure, and infants with incomplete alveolar development and in attempts to avoid progression

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

(composed of fatty acid chains). 2 This molecular structure allows achievement of low surface tension and prevention of alveolar collapse. 1,3 Surfactant deficiency in premature animals leads to neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. 5 This syndrome is

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

1466252309990193 5. Poulsen KP McGuirk SM . Respiratory disease of the bovine neonate . Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2009 ; 25 : 121 – 137 . 10.1016/j.cvfa.2008.10.007 6. Wiggins MC Woolums AR Hurley DJ , et al. The effect of various

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 1989 ; 17 : 553 – 558 . 10.1016/0360-3016(89)90106-5 6. Robertson B Curstedt T Herting E , et al. Alveolar-to-vascular leakage of surfactant protein A in ventilated immature newborn rabbits . Biol Neonate 1995

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

U Livesey LC Taintor JS , et al. Lung surfactant function and composition in neonatal foals and adult horses . J Vet Intern Med 2006 ; 20 : 1402 – 1407 . 10.1111/j.1939-1676.2006.tb00758.x 31. Agassandian M Mallampalli RK . Surfactant

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

-1-4160-2326-5.00017-1 20. Wong DM , Alcott CJ , Wang C , Hay-Kraus BL , Buchanan BR , Brockus CW . Physiologic effects of nasopharyngeal administration of supplemental oxygen at various flow rates in healthy neonatal foals . Am J Vet Res . 2010 ; 71

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research