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localizing to branches of the sciatic nerve included iatrogenic injury (IM or SC injection), neoplasia (metastasis of the squamous cell carcinoma or a primary tumor of the nerve such as a peripheral nerve sheath tumor), neuritis (immune-mediated or infectious

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

revealed miosis OU, decreased pupillary light reflexes bilaterally OU, and scleral hemorrhage OS. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) was the top etiologic differential given the history and a complete neurologic examination was performed after stabilization

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

-sided Etiologic diagnosis Differential diagnoses considered included traumatic spinal cord injury (internal [eg, traumatic intervertebral disk extrusion or acute noncompressive nucleus pulposus extrusion {ANNPE}] or external [eg, vehicle accident

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

hyporeflexia caudal to the spinal cord injury, which develops within 24 hours after the initial injury. In this phase, the bulbocavernosus reflex returns. Between 1 and 3 days following the spinal cord injury, phase II occurs. Phase II is associated with

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

(acute) central cord syndrome often results from a hyperextension injury of the neck in which anterior-posterior compression results in great deformation of the central aspect of the spinal cord with fewer stresses being placed on the more superficial

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

(neuritis, meningitis, or diskospondylitis), degenerative disease (gangliosidosis or avian vacuolar myelinopathy), neoplasia (involving the spinal cord or vertebral column, testicles [or ovaries in a female bird], or kidneys), and traumatic injuries (soft

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, and lack a normal fiber pattern (arrow). CT = Tuber calcaneus. Comments Common calcaneal tendon injury is rare in cats. The tendon comprises 3 components: the tendon of the gastrocnemius muscle; the combined tendons of the biceps femoris

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

Animals that are allowed or kept outdoors are especially at risk for traumatic injuries as they are largely unattended and have more access to dangerous situations including proximity to moving vehicles. The cat of the present report was allowed outdoors

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

) hydrated nucleus pulposus extrusion (AHNPE), fibrocartilaginous embolism, and spinal cord contusion. The initial diagnostic plan included survey radiography of the entire vertebral column, thorax, and abdomen to identify traumatic injuries and advanced

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

, diskospondylitis, traumatic injury to the tail, and neoplasia. Radiography of the lumbar and caudal portions of the vertebral column to rule out obvious osseous lesions was offered, but not performed. Abdominal radiography performed by the primary care veterinarian

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in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association