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for area of skeletal muscle (mm 2 ), area of skeletal muscle injury (mm 2 ), depth (superficial vs full thickness) of laser injury, rostral extension of laser-induced injury from the caudal border of the soft palate, and extent of soft palate glandular

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

relationship between flow rate and Fio 2 in neonatal foals is currently not known. Knowledge of Fio 2 in foals that are being administered supplemental oxygen also would be useful in grading pulmonary disease severity in affected foals. Acute lung injury

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

. First, to study de novo induction of cold air–induced airway injury, we meticulously managed the horses used in our studies to minimize preexisting airway inflammation by reducing exposure to dusts, unfamiliar horses, and cold air (achieved by conducting

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

injury associated with RAO, with potential for use in the diagnosis and monitoring of this disease. 7–10 The airspace epithelial surface of the lung is particularly vulnerable to oxidant damage as it directly contacts the environment. 11,12 Activated

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

. Assays for detection of biomarkers specific for cardiopulmonary diseases in cattle, such as cTnI, are available. Cardiac troponin I is a cardiac muscle protein that is a sensitive and specific biomarker for detection of cardiac muscle injury. 19

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

L Paradis MR . Evaluation of the effectiveness of equine neonatal care . Vet Med 1992 ; 87 : 921 – 926 . 12. Wilkins PA Otto CM Dunkel B , et al. Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndromes (ARDS) in

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

. Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndromes (ARDS) in veterinary medicine: consensus definitions . J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2007 ; 17 : 333 – 339 . 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2007.00238.x 17. Lascola KM , O'Brien RT

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

injury. It also stimulates synthesis of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1, and interleukin-6. Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase induces B-cell–dependent chronic inflammation 23 and promotes expression of proangiogenesis genes to prepare tissues for

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

of chronic sulfur dioxide inhalation on the carbohydrate histochemistry and histology of the canine respiratory tract . Am Rev Respir Dis 1974 ; 110 : 13 – 24 . 11 Peters SG Hyatt RE . A canine model of bronchial injury induced by nitric

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research

pathogens. 7 A variety of pulmonary diseases have been evaluated with lipidomic techniques, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 8 asthma, 9,10 pulmonary arterial hypertension, 11 interstitial lung disease in children, 12 acute lung injury

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in American Journal of Veterinary Research